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Author Topic: THE BOOK OF SIRACH - Ecclesiasticus  (Read 1789 times)

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patrick jane

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THE BOOK OF SIRACH - Ecclesiasticus
« on: May 25, 2020, 06:00:46 am »
Sirach 1 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)

The Prologue

Many great teachings have been given to us through the Law and the Prophets and the others[a] that followed them, and for these we should praise Israel for instruction and wisdom. Now, those who read the scriptures must not only themselves understand them, but must also as lovers of learning be able through the spoken and written word to help the outsiders. So my grandfather Jesus, who had devoted himself especially to the reading of the Law and the Prophets and the other books of our ancestors, and had acquired considerable proficiency in them, was himself also led to write something pertaining to instruction and wisdom, so that by becoming familiar also with his book those who love learning might make even greater progress in living according to the law.

You are invited therefore to read it with goodwill and attention, and to be indulgent in cases where, despite our diligent labor in translating, we may seem to have rendered some phrases imperfectly. For what was originally expressed in Hebrew does not have exactly the same sense when translated into another language. Not only this book, but even the Law itself, the Prophecies, and the rest of the books differ not a little when read in the original.

When I came to Egypt in the thirty-eighth year of the reign of Euergetes and stayed for some time, I found opportunity for no little instruction.[c] It seemed highly necessary that I should myself devote some diligence and labor to the translation of this book. During that time I have applied my skill day and night to complete and publish the book for those living abroad who wished to gain learning and are disposed to live according to the law.

In Praise of Wisdom
1 All wisdom is from the Lord,
    and with him it remains forever.
2 The sand of the sea, the drops of rain,
    and the days of eternity—who can count them?
3 The height of heaven, the breadth of the earth,
    the abyss, and wisdom[d]—who can search them out?
4 Wisdom was created before all other things,
    and prudent understanding from eternity.[e]
6 The root of wisdom—to whom has it been revealed?
    Her subtleties—who knows them?[f]
8 There is but one who is wise, greatly to be feared,
    seated upon his throne—the Lord.
9 It is he who created her;
    he saw her and took her measure;
    he poured her out upon all his works,
10 upon all the living according to his gift;
    he lavished her upon those who love him.[g]

Fear of the Lord Is True Wisdom
11 The fear of the Lord is glory and exultation,
    and gladness and a crown of rejoicing.
12 The fear of the Lord delights the heart,
    and gives gladness and joy and long life.[h]
13 Those who fear the Lord will have a happy end;
    on the day of their death they will be blessed.

14 To fear the Lord is the beginning of wisdom;
    she is created with the faithful in the womb.
15 She made among human beings an eternal foundation,
    and among their descendants she will abide faithfully.
16 To fear the Lord is fullness of wisdom;
    she inebriates mortals with her fruits;
17 she fills their[j] whole house with desirable goods,
    and their[k] storehouses with her produce.
18 The fear of the Lord is the crown of wisdom,
    making peace and perfect health to flourish.[l]
19 She rained down knowledge and discerning comprehension,
    and she heightened the glory of those who held her fast.
20 To fear the Lord is the root of wisdom,
    and her branches are long life.[m]

22 Unjust anger cannot be justified,
    for anger tips the scale to one’s ruin.
23 Those who are patient stay calm until the right moment,
    and then cheerfulness comes back to them.
24 They hold back their words until the right moment;
    then the lips of many tell of their good sense.

25 In the treasuries of wisdom are wise sayings,
    but godliness is an abomination to a sinner.
26 If you desire wisdom, keep the commandments,
    and the Lord will lavish her upon you.
27 For the fear of the Lord is wisdom and discipline,
    fidelity and humility are his delight.

28 Do not disobey the fear of the Lord;
    do not approach him with a divided mind.
29 Do not be a hypocrite before others,
    and keep watch over your lips.
30 Do not exalt yourself, or you may fall
    and bring dishonor upon yourself.
The Lord will reveal your secrets
    and overthrow you before the whole congregation,
because you did not come in the fear of the Lord,
    and your heart was full of deceit.

Sirach 1:1 Or other books
Sirach 1:1 Gk with these things
Sirach 1:1 Other ancient authorities read I found a copy affording no little instruction
Sirach 1:3 Other ancient authorities read the depth of the abyss
Sirach 1:4 Other ancient authorities add as verse 5, The source of wisdom is God’s word in the highest heaven, and her ways are the eternal commandments.
Sirach 1:6 Other ancient authorities add as verse 7, The knowledge of wisdom—to whom was it manifested? And her abundant experience—who has understood it?
Sirach 1:10 Other ancient authorities add Love of the Lord is glorious wisdom; to those to whom he appears he apportions her, that they may see him.
Sirach 1:12 Other ancient authorities add The fear of the Lord is a gift from the Lord; also for love he makes firm paths.
Sirach 1:15 Gk made as a nest
Sirach 1:17 Other ancient authorities read her
Sirach 1:17 Other ancient authorities read her
Sirach 1:18 Other ancient authorities add Both are gifts of God for peace; glory opens out for those who love him. He saw her and took her measure.
Sirach 1:20 Other ancient authorities add as verse 21, The fear of the Lord drives away sins; and where it abides, it will turn away all anger.
« Last Edit: May 25, 2020, 07:00:04 am by patrick jane »

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« Reply #1 on: May 25, 2020, 06:01:39 am »
Sirach 2 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)

Duties toward God

2 My child, when you come to serve the Lord,
    prepare yourself for testing.[a]
2 Set your heart right and be steadfast,
    and do not be impetuous in time of calamity.
3 Cling to him and do not depart,
    so that your last days may be prosperous.
4 Accept whatever befalls you,
    and in times of humiliation be patient.
5 For gold is tested in the fire,
    and those found acceptable, in the furnace of humiliation.
6 Trust in him, and he will help you;
    make your ways straight, and hope in him.

7 You who fear the Lord, wait for his mercy;
    do not stray, or else you may fall.
8 You who fear the Lord, trust in him,
    and your reward will not be lost.
9 You who fear the Lord, hope for good things,
    for lasting joy and mercy.[c]
10 Consider the generations of old and see:
    has anyone trusted in the Lord and been disappointed?
Or has anyone persevered in the fear of the Lord[d] and been forsaken?
    Or has anyone called upon him and been neglected?
11 For the Lord is compassionate and merciful;
    he forgives sins and saves in time of distress.

12 Woe to timid hearts and to slack hands,
    and to the sinner who walks a double path!
13 Woe to the fainthearted who have no trust!
    Therefore they will have no shelter.
14 Woe to you who have lost your nerve!
    What will you do when the Lord’s reckoning comes?

15 Those who fear the Lord do not disobey his words,
    and those who love him keep his ways.
16 Those who fear the Lord seek to please him,
    and those who love him are filled with his law.
17 Those who fear the Lord prepare their hearts,
    and humble themselves before him.
18 Let us fall into the hands of the Lord,
    but not into the hands of mortals;
for equal to his majesty is his mercy,
    and equal to his name are his works.[e]

Sirach 2:1 Or trials
Sirach 2:5 Other ancient authorities add in sickness and poverty put your trust in him
Sirach 2:9 Other ancient authorities add For his reward is an everlasting gift with joy.
Sirach 2:10 Gk of him
Sirach 2:18 Syr: Gk lacks this line

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« Reply #2 on: May 25, 2020, 06:02:28 am »
Sirach 3 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)

Duties toward Parents

3 Listen to me your father, O children;
    act accordingly, that you may be kept in safety.
2 For the Lord honors a father above his children,
    and he confirms a mother’s right over her children.
3 Those who honor their father atone for sins,
4     and those who respect their mother are like those who lay up treasure.
5 Those who honor their father will have joy in their own children,
    and when they pray they will be heard.
6 Those who respect their father will have long life,
    and those who honor[a] their mother obey the Lord;
7     they will serve their parents as their masters.
8 Honor your father by word and deed,
    that his blessing may come upon you.
9 For a father’s blessing strengthens the houses of the children,
    but a mother’s curse uproots their foundations.
10 Do not glorify yourself by dishonoring your father,
    for your father’s dishonor is no glory to you.
11 The glory of one’s father is one’s own glory,
    and it is a disgrace for children not to respect their mother.

12 My child, help your father in his old age,
    and do not grieve him as long as he lives;
13 even if his mind fails, be patient with him;
    because you have all your faculties do not despise him.
14 For kindness to a father will not be forgotten,
    and will be credited to you against your sins;
15 in the day of your distress it will be remembered in your favor;
    like frost in fair weather, your sins will melt away.
16 Whoever forsakes a father is like a blasphemer,
    and whoever angers a mother is cursed by the Lord.

17 My child, perform your tasks with humility;[c]
    then you will be loved by those whom God accepts.
18 The greater you are, the more you must humble yourself;
    so you will find favor in the sight of the Lord.[d]
20 For great is the might of the Lord;
    but by the humble he is glorified.
21 Neither seek what is too difficult for you,
    nor investigate what is beyond your power.
22 Reflect upon what you have been commanded,
    for what is hidden is not your concern.
23 Do not meddle in matters that are beyond you,
    for more than you can understand has been shown you.
24 For their conceit has led many astray,
    and wrong opinion has impaired their judgment.

25 Without eyes there is no light;
    without knowledge there is no wisdom.[e]
26 A stubborn mind will fare badly at the end,
    and whoever loves danger will perish in it.
27 A stubborn mind will be burdened by troubles,
    and the sinner adds sin to sins.
28 When calamity befalls the proud, there is no healing,
    for an evil plant has taken root in him.
29 The mind of the intelligent appreciates proverbs,
    and an attentive ear is the desire of the wise.

Alms for the Poor
30 As water extinguishes a blazing fire,
    so almsgiving atones for sin.
31 Those who repay favors give thought to the future;
    when they fall they will find support.

Sirach 3:6 Heb: Other ancient authorities read comfort
Sirach 3:7 In other ancient authorities this line is preceded by Those who fear the Lord honor their father,
Sirach 3:17 Heb: Gk meekness
Sirach 3:18 Other ancient authorities add as verse 19, Many are lofty and renowned, but to the humble he reveals his secrets.
Sirach 3:25 Heb: Other ancient authorities lack verse 25

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« Reply #3 on: May 25, 2020, 06:03:23 am »
Sirach 4 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)

Duties toward the Poor and the Oppressed

4 My child, do not cheat the poor of their living,
    and do not keep needy eyes waiting.
2 Do not grieve the hungry,
    or anger one in need.
3 Do not add to the troubles of the desperate,
    or delay giving to the needy.
4 Do not reject a suppliant in distress,
    or turn your face away from the poor.
5 Do not avert your eye from the needy,
    and give no one reason to curse you;
6 for if in bitterness of soul some should curse you,
    their Creator will hear their prayer.

7 Endear yourself to the congregation;
    bow your head low to the great.
8 Give a hearing to the poor,
    and return their greeting politely.
9 Rescue the oppressed from the oppressor;
    and do not be hesitant in giving a verdict.
10 Be a father to orphans,
    and be like a husband to their mother;
you will then be like a son of the Most High,
    and he will love you more than does your mother.

The Rewards of Wisdom
11 Wisdom teaches[a] her children
    and gives help to those who seek her.
12 Whoever loves her loves life,
    and those who seek her from early morning are filled with joy.
13 Whoever holds her fast inherits glory,
    and the Lord blesses the place she enters.
14 Those who serve her minister to the Holy One;
    the Lord loves those who love her.
15 Those who obey her will judge the nations,
    and all who listen to her will live secure.
16 If they remain faithful, they will inherit her;
    their descendants will also obtain her.
17 For at first she will walk with them on tortuous paths;
    she will bring fear and dread upon them,
and will torment them by her discipline
    until she trusts them,[c]
and she will test them with her ordinances.
18 Then she will come straight back to them again and gladden them,
    and will reveal her secrets to them.
19 If they go astray she will forsake them,
    and hand them over to their ruin.

20 Watch for the opportune time, and beware of evil,
    and do not be ashamed to be yourself.
21 For there is a shame that leads to sin,
    and there is a shame that is glory and favor.
22 Do not show partiality, to your own harm,
    or deference, to your downfall.
23 Do not refrain from speaking at the proper moment,[d]
    and do not hide your wisdom.[e]
24 For wisdom becomes known through speech,
    and education through the words of the tongue.
25 Never speak against the truth,
    but be ashamed of your ignorance.
26 Do not be ashamed to confess your sins,
    and do not try to stop the current of a river.
27 Do not subject yourself to a fool,
    or show partiality to a ruler.
28 Fight to the death for truth,
    and the Lord God will fight for you.

29 Do not be reckless in your speech,
    or sluggish and remiss in your deeds.
30 Do not be like a lion in your home,
    or suspicious of your servants.
31 Do not let your hand be stretched out to receive
    and closed when it is time to give.

Sirach 4:11 Heb Syr: Gk exalts
Sirach 4:13 Or he
Sirach 4:17 Or until they remain faithful in their heart
Sirach 4:23 Heb: Gk at a time of salvation
Sirach 4:23 So some Gk Mss and Heb Syr Lat: Other Gk Mss lack and do not hide your wisdom

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« Reply #4 on: May 25, 2020, 06:04:08 am »
Sirach 5 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)

Precepts for Everyday Living

5 Do not rely on your wealth,
    or say, “I have enough.”
2 Do not follow your inclination and strength
    in pursuing the desires of your heart.
3 Do not say, “Who can have power over me?”
    for the Lord will surely punish you.

4 Do not say, “I sinned, yet what has happened to me?”
    for the Lord is slow to anger.
5 Do not be so confident of forgiveness[a]
    that you add sin to sin.
6 Do not say, “His mercy is great,
    he will forgive the multitude of my sins,”
for both mercy and wrath are with him,
    and his anger will rest on sinners.
7 Do not delay to turn back to the Lord,
    and do not postpone it from day to day;
for suddenly the wrath of the Lord will come upon you,
    and at the time of punishment you will perish.
8 Do not depend on dishonest wealth,
    for it will not benefit you on the day of calamity.

9 Do not winnow in every wind,
    or follow every path.[c]
10 Stand firm for what you know,
    and let your speech be consistent.
11 Be quick to hear,
    but deliberate in answering.
12 If you know what to say, answer your neighbor;
    but if not, put your hand over your mouth.

13 Honor and dishonor come from speaking,
    and the tongue of mortals may be their downfall.
14 Do not be called double-tongued[d]
    and do not lay traps with your tongue;
for shame comes to the thief,
    and severe condemnation to the double-tongued.
15 In great and small matters cause no harm,[e]

Sirach 5:5 Heb: Gk atonement
Sirach 5:6 Heb: Gk he (or it) will atone for
Sirach 5:9 Gk adds so it is with the double-tongued sinner (see 6.1)
Sirach 5:14 Heb: Gk a slanderer
Sirach 5:15 Heb Syr: Gk be ignorant

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« Reply #5 on: May 25, 2020, 06:04:51 am »
Sirach 6 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)

6 1 and do not become an enemy instead of a friend;
for a bad name incurs shame and reproach;
    so it is with the double-tongued sinner.

2 Do not fall into the grip of passion,[a]
    or you may be torn apart as by a bull.
3 Your leaves will be devoured and your fruit destroyed,
    and you will be left like a withered tree.
4 Evil passion destroys those who have it,
    and makes them the laughingstock of their enemies.

Friendship, False and True
5 Pleasant speech multiplies friends,
    and a gracious tongue multiplies courtesies.
6 Let those who are friendly with you be many,
    but let your advisers be one in a thousand.
7 When you gain friends, gain them through testing,
    and do not trust them hastily.
8 For there are friends who are such when it suits them,
    but they will not stand by you in time of trouble.
9 And there are friends who change into enemies,
    and tell of the quarrel to your disgrace.
10 And there are friends who sit at your table,
    but they will not stand by you in time of trouble.
11 When you are prosperous, they become your second self,
    and lord it over your servants;
12 but if you are brought low, they turn against you,
    and hide themselves from you.
13 Keep away from your enemies,
    and be on guard with your friends.

14 Faithful friends are a sturdy shelter:
    whoever finds one has found a treasure.
15 Faithful friends are beyond price;
    no amount can balance their worth.
16 Faithful friends are life-saving medicine;
    and those who fear the Lord will find them.
17 Those who fear the Lord direct their friendship aright,
    for as they are, so are their neighbors also.

Blessings of Wisdom
18 My child, from your youth choose discipline,
    and when you have gray hair you will still find wisdom.
19 Come to her like one who plows and sows,
    and wait for her good harvest.
For when you cultivate her you will toil but little,
    and soon you will eat of her produce.
20 She seems very harsh to the undisciplined;
    fools cannot remain with her.
21 She will be like a heavy stone to test them,
    and they will not delay in casting her aside.
22 For wisdom is like her name;
    she is not readily perceived by many.

23 Listen, my child, and accept my judgment;
    do not reject my counsel.
24 Put your feet into her fetters,
    and your neck into her collar.
25 Bend your shoulders and carry her,
    and do not fret under her bonds.
26 Come to her with all your soul,
    and keep her ways with all your might.
27 Search out and seek, and she will become known to you;
    and when you get hold of her, do not let her go.
28 For at last you will find the rest she gives,
    and she will be changed into joy for you.
29 Then her fetters will become for you a strong defense,
    and her collar a glorious robe.
30 Her yoke[c] is a golden ornament,
    and her bonds a purple cord.
31 You will wear her like a glorious robe,
    and put her on like a splendid crown.[d]

32 If you are willing, my child, you can be disciplined,
    and if you apply yourself you will become clever.
33 If you love to listen you will gain knowledge,
    and if you pay attention you will become wise.
34 Stand in the company of the elders.
    Who is wise? Attach yourself to such a one.
35 Be ready to listen to every godly discourse,
    and let no wise proverbs escape you.
36 If you see an intelligent person, rise early to visit him;
    let your foot wear out his doorstep.
37 Reflect on the statutes of the Lord,
    and meditate at all times on his commandments.
It is he who will give insight to[e] your mind,
    and your desire for wisdom will be granted.

Sirach 6:2 Heb: Meaning of Gk uncertain
Sirach 6:2 Meaning of Gk uncertain
Sirach 6:30 Heb: Gk Upon her
Sirach 6:31 Heb: Gk crown of gladness
Sirach 6:37 Heb: Gk will confirm

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« Reply #6 on: May 25, 2020, 06:05:38 am »
Sirach 7 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)

Miscellaneous Advice

7 Do no evil, and evil will never overtake you.
2 Stay away from wrong, and it will turn away from you.
3 Do[a] not sow in the furrows of injustice,
    and you will not reap a sevenfold crop.

4 Do not seek from the Lord high office,
    or the seat of honor from the king.
5 Do not assert your righteousness before the Lord,
    or display your wisdom before the king.
6 Do not seek to become a judge,
    or you may be unable to root out injustice;
you may be partial to the powerful,
    and so mar your integrity.
7 Commit no offense against the public,
    and do not disgrace yourself among the people.

8 Do not commit a sin twice;
    not even for one will you go unpunished.
9 Do not say, “He will consider the great number of my gifts,
    and when I make an offering to the Most High God, he will accept it.”
10 Do not grow weary when you pray;
    do not neglect to give alms.
11 Do not ridicule a person who is embittered in spirit,
    for there is One who humbles and exalts.
12 Do not devise a lie against your brother,
    or do the same to a friend.
13 Refuse to utter any lie,
    for it is a habit that results in no good.
14 Do not babble in the assembly of the elders,
    and do not repeat yourself when you pray.

15 Do not hate hard labor
    or farm work, which was created by the Most High.
16 Do not enroll in the ranks of sinners;
    remember that retribution does not delay.
17 Humble yourself to the utmost,
    for the punishment of the ungodly is fire and worms.[c]

Relations with Others
18 Do not exchange a friend for money,
    or a real brother for the gold of Ophir.
19 Do not dismiss[d] a wise and good wife,
    for her charm is worth more than gold.
20 Do not abuse slaves who work faithfully,
    or hired laborers who devote themselves to their task.
21 Let your soul love intelligent slaves;[e]
    do not withhold from them their freedom.

22 Do you have cattle? Look after them;
    if they are profitable to you, keep them.
23 Do you have children? Discipline them,
    and make them obedient[f] from their youth.
24 Do you have daughters? Be concerned for their chastity,[g]
    and do not show yourself too indulgent with them.
25 Give a daughter in marriage, and you complete a great task;
    but give her to a sensible man.
26 Do you have a wife who pleases you?[h] Do not divorce her;
    but do not trust yourself to one whom you detest.

27 With all your heart honor your father,
    and do not forget the birth pangs of your mother.
28 Remember that it was of your parents you were born;
    how can you repay what they have given to you?

29 With all your soul fear the Lord,
    and revere his priests.
30 With all your might love your Maker,
    and do not neglect his ministers.
31 Fear the Lord and honor the priest,
    and give him his portion, as you have been commanded:
the first fruits, the guilt offering, the gift of the shoulders,
    the sacrifice of sanctification, and the first fruits of the holy things.

32 Stretch out your hand to the poor,
    so that your blessing may be complete.
33 Give graciously to all the living;
    do not withhold kindness even from the dead.
34 Do not avoid those who weep,
    but mourn with those who mourn.
35 Do not hesitate to visit the sick,
    because for such deeds you will be loved.
36 In all you do, remember the end of your life,
    and then you will never sin.

Sirach 7:3 Gk My child, do
Sirach 7:12 Heb: Gk plow
Sirach 7:17 Heb for the expectation of mortals is worms
Sirach 7:19 Heb: Gk deprive yourself of
Sirach 7:21 Heb Love a wise slave as yourself
Sirach 7:23 Gk bend their necks
Sirach 7:24 Gk body
Sirach 7:26 Heb Syr lack who pleases you
Sirach 7:28 Gk them

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« Reply #7 on: May 25, 2020, 06:06:24 am »
Sirach 8 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)

Prudence and Common Sense

8 Do not contend with the powerful,
    or you may fall into their hands.
2 Do not quarrel with the rich,
    in case their resources outweigh yours;
for gold has ruined many,
    and has perverted the minds of kings.
3 Do not argue with the loud of mouth,
    and do not heap wood on their fire.

4 Do not make fun of one who is ill-bred,
    or your ancestors may be insulted.
5 Do not reproach one who is turning away from sin;
    remember that we all deserve punishment.
6 Do not disdain one who is old,
    for some of us are also growing old.
7 Do not rejoice over anyone’s death;
    remember that we must all die.

8 Do not slight the discourse of the sages,
    but busy yourself with their maxims;
because from them you will learn discipline
    and how to serve princes.
9 Do not ignore the discourse of the aged,
    for they themselves learned from their parents;[a]
from them you learn how to understand
    and to give an answer when the need arises.

10 Do not kindle the coals of sinners,
    or you may be burned in their flaming fire.
11 Do not let the insolent bring you to your feet,
    or they may lie in ambush against your words.
12 Do not lend to one who is stronger than you;
    but if you do lend anything, count it as a loss.
13 Do not give surety beyond your means;
    but if you give surety, be prepared to pay.

14 Do not go to law against a judge,
    for the decision will favor him because of his standing.
15 Do not go traveling with the reckless,
    or they will be burdensome to you;
for they will act as they please,
    and through their folly you will perish with them.
16 Do not pick a fight with the quick-tempered,
    and do not journey with them through lonely country,
because bloodshed means nothing to them,
    and where no help is at hand, they will strike you down.
17 Do not consult with fools,
    for they cannot keep a secret.
18 In the presence of strangers do nothing that is to be kept secret,
    for you do not know what they will divulge.
19 Do not reveal your thoughts to anyone,
    or you may drive away your happiness.[c]

Sirach 8:9 Or ancestors
Sirach 8:18 Or it will bring forth
Sirach 8:19 Heb: Gk and let him not return a favor to you

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« Reply #8 on: May 25, 2020, 06:07:14 am »
Sirach 9 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)

Advice concerning Women

9 Do not be jealous of the wife of your bosom,
    or you will teach her an evil lesson to your own hurt.
2 Do not give yourself to a woman
    and let her trample down your strength.
3 Do not go near a loose woman,
    or you will fall into her snares.
4 Do not dally with a singing girl,
    or you will be caught by her tricks.
5 Do not look intently at a virgin,
    or you may stumble and incur penalties for her.
6 Do not give yourself to prostitutes,
    or you may lose your inheritance.
7 Do not look around in the streets of a city,
    or wander about in its deserted sections.
8 Turn away your eyes from a shapely woman,
    and do not gaze at beauty belonging to another;
many have been seduced by a woman’s beauty,
    and by it passion is kindled like a fire.
9 Never dine with another man’s wife,
    or revel with her at wine;
or your heart may turn aside to her,
    and in blood[a] you may be plunged into destruction.

Choice of Friends
10 Do not abandon old friends,
    for new ones cannot equal them.
A new friend is like new wine;
    when it has aged, you can drink it with pleasure.

11 Do not envy the success of sinners,
    for you do not know what their end will be like.
12 Do not delight in what pleases the ungodly;
    remember that they will not be held guiltless all their lives.

13 Keep far from those who have power to kill,
    and you will not be haunted by the fear of death.
But if you approach them, make no misstep,
    or they may rob you of your life.
Know that you are stepping among snares,
    and that you are walking on the city battlements.

14 As much as you can, aim to know your neighbors,
    and consult with the wise.
15 Let your conversation be with intelligent people,
    and let all your discussion be about the law of the Most High.
16 Let the righteous be your dinner companions,
    and let your glory be in the fear of the Lord.

Concerning Rulers
17 A work is praised for the skill of the artisan;
    so a people’s leader is proved wise by his words.
18 The loud of mouth are feared in their city,
    and the one who is reckless in speech is hated.

Sirach 9:9 Heb: Gk by your spirit

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« Reply #9 on: May 25, 2020, 06:07:58 am »
Sirach 10 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)

10 A wise magistrate educates his people,
    and the rule of an intelligent person is well ordered.
2 As the people’s judge is, so are his officials;
    as the ruler of the city is, so are all its inhabitants.
3 An undisciplined king ruins his people,
    but a city becomes fit to live in through the understanding of its rulers.
4 The government of the earth is in the hand of the Lord,
    and over it he will raise up the right leader for the time.
5 Human success is in the hand of the Lord,
    and it is he who confers honor upon the lawgiver.[a]

The Sin of Pride
6 Do not get angry with your neighbor for every injury,
    and do not resort to acts of insolence.
7 Arrogance is hateful to the Lord and to mortals,
    and injustice is outrageous to both.
8 Sovereignty passes from nation to nation
    on account of injustice and insolence and wealth.
9 How can dust and ashes be proud?
    Even in life the human body decays.[c]
10 A long illness baffles the physician;[d]
    the king of today will die tomorrow.
11 For when one is dead
    he inherits maggots and vermin[e] and worms.
12 The beginning of human pride is to forsake the Lord;
    the heart has withdrawn from its Maker.
13 For the beginning of pride is sin,
    and the one who clings to it pours out abominations.
Therefore the Lord brings upon them unheard-of calamities,
    and destroys them completely.
14 The Lord overthrows the thrones of rulers,
    and enthrones the lowly in their place.
15 The Lord plucks up the roots of the nations,[f]
    and plants the humble in their place.
16 The Lord lays waste the lands of the nations,
    and destroys them to the foundations of the earth.
17 He removes some of them and destroys them,
    and erases the memory of them from the earth.
18 Pride was not created for human beings,
    or violent anger for those born of women.

Persons Deserving Honor
19 Whose offspring are worthy of honor?
    Human offspring.
Whose offspring are worthy of honor?
    Those who fear the Lord.
Whose offspring are unworthy of honor?
    Human offspring.
Whose offspring are unworthy of honor?
    Those who break the commandments.
20 Among family members their leader is worthy of honor,
    but those who fear the Lord are worthy of honor in his eyes.[g]
22 The rich, and the eminent, and the poor—
    their glory is the fear of the Lord.
23 It is not right to despise one who is intelligent but poor,
    and it is not proper to honor one who is sinful.
24 The prince and the judge and the ruler are honored,
    but none of them is greater than the one who fears the Lord.
25 Free citizens will serve a wise servant,
    and an intelligent person will not complain.

Concerning Humility
26 Do not make a display of your wisdom when you do your work,
    and do not boast when you are in need.
27 Better is the worker who has goods in plenty
    than the boaster who lacks bread.

28 My child, honor yourself with humility,
    and give yourself the esteem you deserve.
29 Who will acquit those who condemn[h] themselves?
    And who will honor those who dishonor themselves?
30 The poor are honored for their knowledge,
    while the rich are honored for their wealth.
31 One who is honored in poverty, how much more in wealth!
    And one dishonored in wealth, how much more in poverty!

Sirach 10:5 Heb: Gk scribe
Sirach 10:8 Other ancient authorities add here or after verse 9a, Nothing is more wicked than one who loves money, for such a person puts his own soul up for sale.
Sirach 10:9 Heb: Meaning of Gk uncertain
Sirach 10:10 Heb Lat: Meaning of Gk uncertain
Sirach 10:11 Heb: Gk wild animals
Sirach 10:15 Other ancient authorities read proud nations
Sirach 10:20 Other ancient authorities add as verse 21, The fear of the Lord is the beginning of acceptance; obduracy and pride are the beginning of rejection.
Sirach 10:29 Heb: Gk sin against
Sirach 10:29 Heb Lat: Gk their own life

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« Reply #10 on: May 25, 2020, 06:08:50 am »
Sirach 11 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)

The Deceptiveness of Appearances

11 The wisdom of the humble lifts their heads high,
    and seats them among the great.
2 Do not praise individuals for their good looks,
    or loathe anyone because of appearance alone.
3 The bee is small among flying creatures,
    but what it produces is the best of sweet things.
4 Do not boast about wearing fine clothes,
    and do not exalt yourself when you are honored;
for the works of the Lord are wonderful,
    and his works are concealed from humankind.
5 Many kings have had to sit on the ground,
    but one who was never thought of has worn a crown.
6 Many rulers have been utterly disgraced,
    and the honored have been handed over to others.

Deliberation and Caution
7 Do not find fault before you investigate;
    examine first, and then criticize.
8 Do not answer before you listen,
    and do not interrupt when another is speaking.
9 Do not argue about a matter that does not concern you,
    and do not sit with sinners when they judge a case.

10 My child, do not busy yourself with many matters;
    if you multiply activities, you will not be held blameless.
If you pursue, you will not overtake,
    and by fleeing you will not escape.
11 There are those who work and struggle and hurry,
    but are so much the more in want.
12 There are others who are slow and need help,
    who lack strength and abound in poverty;
but the eyes of the Lord look kindly upon them;
    he lifts them out of their lowly condition
13 and raises up their heads
    to the amazement of the many.

14 Good things and bad, life and death,
    poverty and wealth, come from the Lord.[a]
17 The Lord’s gift remains with the devout,
    and his favor brings lasting success.
18 One becomes rich through diligence and self-denial,
    and the reward allotted to him is this:
19 when he says, “I have found rest,
    and now I shall feast on my goods!”
he does not know how long it will be
    until he leaves them to others and dies.

20 Stand by your agreement and attend to it,
    and grow old in your work.
21 Do not wonder at the works of a sinner,
    but trust in the Lord and keep at your job;
for it is easy in the sight of the Lord
    to make the poor rich suddenly, in an instant.
22 The blessing of the Lord is the reward of the pious,
    and quickly God causes his blessing to flourish.
23 Do not say, “What do I need,
    and what further benefit can be mine?”
24 Do not say, “I have enough,
    and what harm can come to me now?”
25 In the day of prosperity, adversity is forgotten,
    and in the day of adversity, prosperity is not remembered.
26 For it is easy for the Lord on the day of death
    to reward individuals according to their conduct.
27 An hour’s misery makes one forget past delights,
    and at the close of one’s life one’s deeds are revealed.
28 Call no one happy before his death;
    by how he ends, a person becomes known.[c]

Care in Choosing Friends
29 Do not invite everyone into your home,
    for many are the tricks of the crafty.
30 Like a decoy partridge in a cage, so is the mind of the proud,
    and like spies they observe your weakness;[d]
31 for they lie in wait, turning good into evil,
    and to worthy actions they attach blame.
32 From a spark many coals are kindled,
    and a sinner lies in wait to shed blood.
33 Beware of scoundrels, for they devise evil,
    and they may ruin your reputation forever.
34 Receive strangers into your home and they will stir up trouble for you,
    and will make you a stranger to your own family.

Sirach 11:14 Other ancient authorities add as verses 15 and 16, 15 Wisdom, understanding, and knowledge of the law come from the Lord; affection and the ways of good works come from him. 16 Error and darkness were created with sinners; evil grows old with those who take pride in malice.
Sirach 11:22 Heb: Gk is in
Sirach 11:28 Heb: Gk and through his children a person becomes known
Sirach 11:30 Heb: Gk downfall

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« Reply #11 on: May 25, 2020, 06:09:47 am »
Sirach 12 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)

12 If you do good, know to whom you do it,
    and you will be thanked for your good deeds.
2 Do good to the devout, and you will be repaid—
    if not by them, certainly by the Most High.
3 No good comes to one who persists in evil
    or to one who does not give alms.
4 Give to the devout, but do not help the sinner.
5     Do good to the humble, but do not give to the ungodly;
hold back their bread, and do not give it to them,
    for by means of it they might subdue you;
then you will receive twice as much evil
    for all the good you have done to them.
6 For the Most High also hates sinners
    and will inflict punishment on the ungodly.[a]
7 Give to the one who is good, but do not help the sinner.
8 A friend is not known in prosperity,
    nor is an enemy hidden in adversity.
9 One’s enemies are friendly[c] when one prospers,
    but in adversity even one’s friend disappears.
10 Never trust your enemy,
    for like corrosion in copper, so is his wickedness.
11 Even if he humbles himself and walks bowed down,
    take care to be on your guard against him.
Be to him like one who polishes a mirror,
    to be sure it does not become completely tarnished.
12 Do not put him next to you,
    or he may overthrow you and take your place.
Do not let him sit at your right hand,
    or else he may try to take your own seat,
and at last you will realize the truth of my words,
    and be stung by what I have said.

13 Who pities a snake charmer when he is bitten,
    or all those who go near wild animals?
14 So no one pities a person who associates with a sinner
    and becomes involved in the other’s sins.
15 He stands by you for a while,
    but if you falter, he will not be there.
16 An enemy speaks sweetly with his lips,
    but in his heart he plans to throw you into a pit;
an enemy may have tears in his eyes,
    but if he finds an opportunity he will never have enough of your blood.
17 If evil comes upon you, you will find him there ahead of you;
    pretending to help, he will trip you up.
18 Then he will shake his head, and clap his hands,
    and whisper much, and show his true face.

Sirach 12:6 Other ancient authorities add and he is keeping them for the day of their punishment
Sirach 12:8 Other ancient authorities read punished
Sirach 12:9 Heb: Gk grieved

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« Reply #12 on: May 25, 2020, 06:10:42 am »
Sirach 13 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)

Caution Regarding Associates

13 Whoever touches pitch gets dirty,
    and whoever associates with a proud person becomes like him.
2 Do not lift a weight too heavy for you,
    or associate with one mightier and richer than you.
How can the clay pot associate with the iron kettle?
    The pot will strike against it and be smashed.
3 A rich person does wrong, and even adds insults;
    a poor person suffers wrong, and must add apologies.
4 A rich person[a] will exploit you if you can be of use to him,
    but if you are in need he will abandon you.
5 If you own something, he will live with you;
    he will drain your resources without a qualm.
6 When he needs you he will deceive you,
    and will smile at you and encourage you;
    he will speak to you kindly and say, “What do you need?”
7 He will embarrass you with his delicacies,
    until he has drained you two or three times,
    and finally he will laugh at you.
Should he see you afterwards, he will pass you by
    and shake his head at you.

8 Take care not to be led astray
    and humiliated when you are enjoying yourself.
9 When an influential person invites you, be reserved,
    and he will invite you more insistently.
10 Do not be forward, or you may be rebuffed;
    do not stand aloof, or you will be forgotten.
11 Do not try to treat him as an equal,
    or trust his lengthy conversations;
for he will test you by prolonged talk,
    and while he smiles he will be examining you.
12 Cruel are those who do not keep your secrets;
    they will not spare you harm or imprisonment.
13 Be on your guard and very careful,
    for you are walking about with your own downfall.[c]

15 Every creature loves its like,
    and every person the neighbor.
16 All living beings associate with their own kind,
    and people stick close to those like themselves.
17 What does a wolf have in common with a lamb?
    No more has a sinner with the devout.
18 What peace is there between a hyena and a dog?
    And what peace between the rich and the poor?
19 Wild asses in the wilderness are the prey of lions;
    likewise the poor are feeding grounds for the rich.
20 Humility is an abomination to the proud;
    likewise the poor are an abomination to the rich.

21 When the rich person totters, he is supported by friends,
    but when the humble[d] falls, he is pushed away even by friends.
22 If the rich person slips, many come to the rescue;
    he speaks unseemly words, but they justify him.
If the humble person slips, they even criticize him;
    he talks sense, but is not given a hearing.
23 The rich person speaks and all are silent;
    they extol to the clouds what he says.
The poor person speaks and they say, “Who is this fellow?”
    And should he stumble, they even push him down.
24 Riches are good if they are free from sin;
    poverty is evil only in the opinion of the ungodly.

25 The heart changes the countenance,
    either for good or for evil.[e]
26 The sign of a happy heart is a cheerful face,
    but to devise proverbs requires painful thinking.

Sirach 13:4 Gk He
Sirach 13:8 Other ancient authorities read in your folly
Sirach 13:13 Other ancient authorities add as verse 14, When you hear these things in your sleep, wake up! During all your life love the Lord, and call on him for your salvation.
Sirach 13:21 Other ancient authorities read poor
Sirach 13:25 Other ancient authorities add and a glad heart makes a cheerful countenance


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