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Author Topic: Frank Lloyd Wright and His "Democrat."  (Read 2234 times)

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bernardpyron

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Re: Frank Lloyd Wright and His "Democrat."
« on: July 10, 2019, 08:37:08 pm »
See  Form and Space Diversity in Human Habitats: Perceptual Responses,  Environment and Behavior, 3, 4, 382-411, Dec 1971

In the study I did with three research assistants in the spring and summer of 1970 I focused on the city block level of design.

In addition to being published in Environment and Behavior, in December of 1971 this study was reviewed briefly in The Milwaukee Sentinel - Oct 17, 1970.

The idea for this study done at the University of Wisconsin in Madison, funded by a grant from the Public Health Service,  was that the participants would look around more at the more complex environments than at the more simple ones.

We measured amount of coverage of the visual field by a camera photographing the eyes of the participants and recording their eye movements.

The hypothesis that the participants would look around more at the more complex environments than at the more simple ones was confirmed by the data. And form and space information, or amount of complexity were additive as expected, for determining how much the participants looked around at the environments shown them by the 16mm black and white films.

Amount of visual coverage of the field of view can be taken as a measure of the orienting response to information in the environment. The more the amount of information, the more the people looked around to see the environment. An orienting response can be an indicator of interest in what the person is looking at.

The more the amount of information in the environment looked at, the more the people looked around to see the environment. The greater the diversity of building forms and of the spaces created by these forms, the more information there is to see in the built environment

We found that the people in our study looked around more at the movies of more diverse forms and spaces and looked around less at less diverse spaces and forms. 

On questionnaires the people also said they liked the more diverse form and space environments more than the less diverse - though the preference was greater for form than for space diversity.  They liked diverse house forms more than simple forms.

Some of the ideas for this study of the urban environment at the city block scale came  from the old man who had lived forty miles to the west of Madison, Wisconsin on the Wisconsin River.  Frank Lloyd   Wright did one suburban "town" design he called Broadacre City of 1935, which was a suburban landscape with trees and a few buildings larger than homes, with fantastic looking cars on the streets. But instead of the small city lot of 60 by 120 feet in Wright's design every family would have an acre of land.

« Last Edit: December 21, 2019, 03:31:47 pm by bernardpyron »
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