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Author Topic: Rwanda genocide, Kagame, the RPF and looting the Congo  (Read 3205 times)

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Firestarter

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The information in this post was actually how I started investigating this topic. I found it interesting in that it showed that the Hutu regime was supplied with weapons from France that made the massacre possible (we were told that the Tutsi population was chopped up with machetes).
In retrospect it isn’t so strange that the Hutu regime was arming itself as it was invaded by the RPF army. It was only later that I dug deeper and found the more damaging information on the international community supporting the murderous RPF (that was instrumental in orchestration the genocide)…


With an invasion of Rwanda in mind, the predominantly Tutsi Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) was formed in 1987.
France, Egypt and South Africa supplied the majority of weapons to arm the huge expansion of the Rwandan army.

France was the largest arms supplier to Habyarimana’s regime in Rwanda. Between February 1990 and April 1994, it exported 136 million French francs worth of weapons to Rwanda.
Immediately after the RPF launched its offensive on 8 February 1993, the number of French soldiers swelled to at least 680. Sources in Rwanda told the Arms Project that French soldiers provided artillery support for Rwandan infantry troops both before and during the February 1993 offensive.
While France claimed that these French soldiers were protecting French citizens, French troops were also deployed at locations were no French citizens or other western expatriates were living.

France also sent military advisors to provide training, preparing them for the massacre, to Rwandan troops.
France was “directly responsible, through arming and training, for the exponential growth of the Rwandan Government Army (FAR)”.

France also played a major role in securing the arms from South Africa and Egypt.
The $6 million in Egyptian weapons were paid for with a bank guarantee from the French Crédit Lyonnais bank.
France, who had been secretly supplying the apartheid regime for a long time, also acted as an intermediary for the South African arms: http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/docid/3ae6a7fc8.html
(http://archive.is/JxKeX)


The follow-up selected for UN Secretary-General after Boutros-Ghali, Kofi Annan, was also involved in letting this genocide happen…
Kofi Annan was head of UN peacekeeping in 1994 and as such responsible for ignoring repeated warnings that the genocide was coming. Roméo Dallaire warned of the plan to kill 1,000 Tutsis every 20 minutes in Rwanda (while he was really supporting the RPF).

When the order came to take the UN “peacekeepers” out of Rwanda, UN political adviser in Kigali, Shahryar Khan, didn’t agree: “Ten Belgians are dead, so you don't give a damn that thousands of Africans are about to be slaughtered”.

The Belgian commanding officer in Rwanda Colonel Luc Marchal later recalled the pull out: “We were perfectly aware of what was about to happen. Our mission was a tragic failure. Everyone considered it a form of desertion. Pulling out under such circumstances was an act of total cowardice”.
Lieutenant Luc Lemaire was in command of a contingent of Belgian troops ordered to abandon a school with about 2,000 Tutsis in Rwanda’s capital, Kigali. As the Belgian soldiers drove off, Tutsis rushed their vehicles for help. The Belgians fired into the air to drive them back. The Tutsis were caught by the Hutu militia and diverted to a gravel pit, with very few survivors.

Even where Tutsis were able to climb on board UN lorries, the interahamwe pulled them off at roadblocks and butchered them in front of French or Belgian soldiers, who said they had no “mandate” to intervene.
Once the UN abandoned Rwanda, the killing spread rapidly.
Dallaire later said he could have stopped the genocide in Kigali with 5,000 troops and could have prevented it spreading.

Representative of the RPF Gerald Gahima, tried to lobby UN ambassadors to take action, including Britain's representative on the Security Council Sir David Hannay, and said “I didn't get the impression he cared at all. We might have been talking about slaughtering chickens”: https://www.theguardian.com/world/1999/dec/19/theobserver3
(http://archive.is/a1r5a)

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During the 100 days massacre, UN forces watched the Rwanda genocide happen, under direct orders not to interfere.

Declassified documents show that the Clinton White House had advance knowledge of the Rwandan genocide before it started. Sixteen days before the killings began, Bill Clinton was informed that the Hutus had planned a “final solution to eliminate all Tutsi”. Clinton received several reports describing their plan as “genocide”.
The US government knew what was going to happen more than two weeks before it started, but they made a decision to let it happen on purpose. Clinton justified his decision with “Whether we get involved in any of the world’s ethnic conflicts, must depend on the cumulative weight of the American interests at stake”.

Members of the UN were forbidden to sell weapons to Rwanda but companies from France, Belgium, Egypt, Ghana, and the UK continued to supply weapons to the Hutu extremists.
About three months before the genocide started, a French plane was caught illegally delivering weapons to the Hutu extremists that would later be used in the genocide, in direct violation of the Arusha Peace Accords that had ended the Rwandan Civil War. UN Force Commander, Roméo Dallaire, reported it to his superiors and warned that violence was coming, and asked for action to prevent this.
The UN did nothing…

At a time that thousands a day were killed and Hutu extremists were calling for the extermination of every Tutsi in the country on Rwanda’s radio, the UN Security Council discussed what to do. The US and France used a hidden veto to keep the world out of the conversation. They were threatening to veto any action in Rwanda. They didn’t allow letting the UN use the word “genocide” in any resolution about it.
Already in September 1993, National Coordinator for Security in the USA Richard Clarke wrote a memo that the UN shouldn’t send more “peacekeepers” to Rwanda and wrote: “If as USUN reports, a Rwanda resolution has 10 votes in the UNSC, we may have to say no with a veto”.

Declassified records show that 2 days after the massacre had started, on 9 April  Richard Clarke wrote in an e-mail: “We should work with the French to gain a consensus to terminate the UN mission”. When the genocide started, there were about 2000 UN Peacekeepers in Rwanda that weren’t allowed interfering. While Roméo Dallaire asked for more troops to do something about it, the UN pulled most of its troops out instead (leaving only 270).
When they started pulling the UN forces out, member of the US National Security Council Eric Schwartz warned the White House that if the UN “Peacekeepers” were pulled out, this would turn into a full-scale genocide.

When the UN finally started sending peacekeepers back into Rwanda, when the genocide was almost over, France set up one of the biggest relief programs “Zone Turquoise” that covered one-fifth of Rwanda. There is some debate over who the French were trying to protect. Many Rwandans thought the French weren’t there to stop the killings.
The French never arrested the people behind the genocide or shut down the Hutu propaganda station Radio des Milles-Collines that was supporting the murders. Radio des Milles-Collines, celebrated the coming French “allies”, telling Hutu girls to “wash yourselves and put on a good dress to welcome our French allies. The Tutsi girls are all dead so you have your chance”.

Shortly after Paul Kagame and the RPF were installed into power of Rwanda, Kagame claimed that the French government had a “direct role in the preparation of the genocide”.
Kagame pointed to Operation Noroît, which armed and trained Hutu fighters. Kagame claims that France even helped plan the logistics of the slaughter. Kagame even claims that French soldiers assassinated people who were hiding Tutsis and were involved in rapes.
After Rwandan President Habyarimana’s plane was shot down, French troops airlifted his wife Agathe Habyarimana, gave her 230,000 Francs and let her live in Paris. According to the Rwandan government, Agathe Habyarimana could have been one of the key players involved in planning the Rwandan genocide. The French State Council actually agrees and stated that there are “serious reasons to suspect” her.
Kagame wanted her extradited to Rwanda, but France refused. There is an international warrant for her arrest on charges of genocide, but she is safe in France.

In 1990, none other than Egyptian Minister of Foreign Affairs Boutros Boutros-Ghali had secretly sent Hutu militia a massive $26 million shipment of weapons. Boutros-Ghali had actively convinced Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak to sell these arms. To keep the arms sale secret, Boutros-Ghali labelled them “relief materials”.
The Rwandan ambassador sent Boutros-Ghali a thank you letter: “The personal intervention of Boutros-Ghali, was a determining factor in the conclusion of the arms contract”.
Was this THE reason that Boutros-Ghali was selected for UN Secretary-General?!? In 1994, then Secretary-General of the UN Boutros Boutros-Ghali did nothing to prevent the genocide from happening.

By common consensus, shooting down the plane with the presidents of Rwanda and Burundi triggered the genocide. It is still not entirely clear who shot the plane down.
After the UN let the genocide happen, it formed the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR). An ICTR team, led by attorney Michael Hourigan, found evidence that suggested Kagame — who later became President of Rwanda — was behind it. ICTR Chief Prosecutor Louise Arbour ordered him to stop the investigation.
In 2002, when new chief prosecutor Carla del Ponte took over, she tried to reopen the investigation. She was immediately fired by the UN — and she thinks that the US and the UK demanded her dismissal.

Some claim that Israel continued to provide the Hutu extremists with weapons from 1990 to 1995 — even while the genocide was ongoing.
Some Israeli citizens filed a Freedom of Information request for the documents that went to the Israeli Supreme Court on these arms sales. The Supreme Court wouldn’t have refused the request without good reason: https://listverse.com/2017/04/06/10-horrifying-ways-the-un-is-to-blame-for-the-rwandan-genocide/
(http://web.archive.org/web/20170406175131/https://listverse.com/2017/04/06/10-horrifying-ways-the-un-is-to-blame-for-the-rwandan-genocide/)


Queen Elizabeth’s government, with at the time John Major as PM, was also warned.
On 11 January 1994, the commander of the UN peacekeepers sent a cable outlining a genocide plot. This was just one of dozens of warnings.

Is Belgium the “hero” in this disaster?!?
In the weeks before the genocide, the Belgian ambassador to the UN tried to persuade the permanent members of the Security Council that something had to be done to prevent the coming massacre in Rwanda: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2004/apr/05/rwanda.comment
(http://archive.is/YszfQ)


It has been carefully kept secret that British companies sold arms to Rwanda before and after the UN embargo of 17 May 1994.

The British Mil-Tec Corporation Ltd supplied the Rwandan army with over $5.5 million worth of arms from mid-April 1994 until mid-July 1994 – the exact period of the genocide.
Mil-Tec was run by Anoop Vidyarthi with an office in north London: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/bloody-trade-that-fuels-rwandas-war-1353751.html
(http://archive.is/ItjLa)

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The RPF and the US government did not want an international intervention force to obstruct its victory.
23 days into the genocide, the RPF wrote to the UN that “the time for UN intervention is long past. The genocide is almost completed. Most of the potential victims of the regime have either been killed or have since fled”.
According to the official narrative, the genocide lasted 100 days, with all murders blamed on the Hutus…

Since the moment Kagame seized power in Rwanda, the US and Britain have provided him with undiminished financial and military aid. The Rwandan army has grown into a formidable force that played a prominent role in UN “peacekeeping” operations, notably in Sudan and the Central African Republic.
Only in 2010, there was a brief stop after the UN documented RPF atrocities in the Congo, during the 2 Congo wars of 1996-97 and 1998-2003. It also indicated that Rwanda was backing the notorious M23 group in Congo. Britain suspended aid to Rwanda, but resumed it in 2012.

President Kagame explained that he has won presidential election by almost 100% per cent, by the ”uniqueness of the country as well as the citizens’ voice about their governance”.

In August 2010, the French newspaper Le Monde reported on a draft UN report on human rights violations in the Democratic Republic of the Congo from 1993 to 2003. The report described that the RPF since its takeover of Rwanda in 1994 proceeded to carry out “systematic and widespread attacks” against Hutu refugees who had fled to Congo that “could be classified as crimes of genocide”.
Quote
Significant areas… have been the scene of systematic and sustained killing and persecution of the civilian Hutu population by the Rwandan Patriotic Front…
These actions were consistently reported to be conducted in areas where opposition forces of any kind – armed or unarmed, or resistance of any kind … were absent. Large scale indiscriminate killings of men, women and children, including the sick and elderly were consistently reported.
I couldn’t find these sections in the definite version of the report…

Britain set up the Umubano Project to develop Rwanda. Kagame praised the UK with: “We have received support from many countries but our partnership with the United Kingdom has been very significant”.
Former British PM Theresa May wrote in a message “I am proud of what the United Kingdom and Rwanda have achieved together as partners and as friends thanks to the cooperation and vision of President Kagame who I congratulate on his re-election. Today, Rwandans have the best life chances they have ever had”.

In 2016, Leopold Munyakazi, a Rwandan linguist teaching in New Jersey, suggested that what happened in Rwanda was not genocide, but a civil war over state power. Rwanda issued an international warrant charging him with genocide, and the Obama administration deported him.
Munyakazi was found guilty on all charges and sentenced to life imprisonment, which was reduced to 9 years. Munyakazi was injected with a psychotic drug in prison, which made him “deranged” for years now.

In January 2018, US President Donald Trump met Rwanda's Paul Kagame at Davos at the World Economic Forum in Switzerland, where he praised the new head of the African Union with: "It's an honour to have you as a friend": https://www.spiked-online.com/2019/05/03/rwanda-25-years-on/
(http://archive.is/Tt2Ov)


Christian Davenport and Allan Stam of the Universities of Michigan and Virginia were hired by the ICTR to investigate the Rwanda genocide. When they started they completely believe the official narrative that the “extremist” Hutus were solely to blame.

In November 2003, Stam and Davenport presented some of what they had found out so far at a conference in Kigali. They showed that comparing the 800,000 to 1 million to have been killed, to official census data from 1991 of a total of approximately 600,000 Tutsi in the country in 1991 with about 300,000 surviving the 1994 massacre, that only about 300,000 of those killed were Tutsi, and more than that – 500,000 to 700,000 – Hutus were killed.
When they showed this obvious conclusion, a military man stood up, interrupted the presentation and forced them to stop. They were forced to leave Rwanda at once and labelled “genocide deniers".

Under the Rwandan constitution, "revisionism, negationism and trivialisation of genocide" are criminal offences for which hundreds of people have been tried and convicted for.
Five have been sentenced to life imprisonment, another 5 were sentenced to more than 20 years in jail, 99 were sentenced to 10–20 years in jail, 211 received a custodial sentence of 5–10 years, and the remaining 169 received jail terms of less than 5 years for genocide denial.
In 2010, the American law professor and attorney Peter Erlinder was even arrested in Kigali and charged with genocide denial, when he was defending presidential candidate Victoire Ingabire against charges of genocide.

It is impossible to know how many ethnic Hutu or Tutsi died in the genocide, because there is no observable difference between the “typical” Hutu Rwandan and the typical Tutsi Rwandan.
It could be of course that the scale of the killing was smaller than reported.
Following the Kigali conference, the ICTR prosecution teams of Webster and Mulvaney told Stam and Davenport that they had no further use for them, because their findings at the Kigali conference had made their efforts “superfluous”.

In 1996, the ICTR started its “investigation” by interviewing 12,000 witnesses. The witnesses represent a highly biased sample; the ICTR simply “forgot” to interview many people who could implicate members of the ruling RPF.
Stam and Davenport couldn’t ignore that the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) was responsible for many of the killings.

Stam and Davenport found it striking that the extreme killing sprees escalated where RPF forces were located. Stam and Davenport twist this into explaining that the closeness of the RPA forces forced the extremist Hutus to go on a murder spree.
A simpler explanation is that the RPA murdered many of those victims, for which the Hutus (FAR) have been blamed: https://psmag.com/social-justice/what-really-happened-in-rwanda-3432
(http://web.archive.org/web/20190218220142/https://psmag.com/social-justice/what-really-happened-in-rwanda-3432)

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By common consensus it was really the Hutu Interahamwe that massacred some 800,000 of the Tutsi minority over the course of some 100 days. I’ve been searching and searching and searching for who really controlled the Interahamwe.
The following 3 part story, that for some reason was deleted from the internet, makes a strong case that the Hutu militias, particularly the Interahamwe, were controlled by double agents of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF)!


The Interahamwe militia was founded by the Tutsi Anastase Gasana. Gasana was a member of the ruling Hutu party MRND; he joined the MDR and became advisor to (Hutu) Prime Minister Nsengiyaremye before becoming foreign minister in the government of Uwilingiyimana. Gasana wasn’t put on trial by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) for his role in founding the Interahamwe.
In July 1994, Gasana instead joined the RPF and became a minister in the first government formed after the military victory of General Paul Kagame.
The first and second vice-president and treasurer of the Interahamwe were also Tutsi.

Former RPA officer Abdul Ruzibiza explained that many in the RPA resembled the ethnic Hutu, and:
Quote
Among the demonstrators, there were soldiers of the RPF infiltrators as Lieutenant Kiyago, Lieutenant Jean-Pierre Gatashya, Captain Hubert Kamugisha, Sergeant Mugisha, aka Interahamwe, and others. The goal was to heat the head, sow chaos and destruction throughout the country.

A former Interahamwe Tutsi told that most Hutus that evolved to high position in the Interahamwe had been recruited by the former president of the RPF, Alexis Kanyarengwe (a Hutu from Ruhengeri), and trained in camps in Uganda before being “injected” into the Interahamwe.

Another striking thing is that the Interahamwe exterminated Rwandans (mostly Tutsis) near areas controlled by Kagame’s men.
Luc Marshal, who commanded the Belgian mission of the United Nations in Rwanda (UNAMIR), stated that “Not once the RPF had tried, despite the numbers they had in place, to secure areas for Tutsis to allow them to find refuge”: http://web.archive.org/web/20160415220117/http://www.theproxylake.com/2010/10/genocide-of-tutsis/2/


Important “evidence” on which the Hutus were convicted for genocide in Rwanda included a fax to the UN by the informant “Jean-Pierre” on weapons caches. “Jean-Pierre”, who worked with the Interahamwe, was really double agent Turatsinze Abubakar, who worked closely with the RPF of Paul Kagame. Abubakar’s testimony demonised the Habyarimana government, accusing it of planning genocide against the Tutsis.
A former UNAMIR provided a document that Turatsinze Abubakar was in constant contact with the liaison officer of the RPF, Karenzi Karake.
Abubakar’s wife confirmed at the ICTR that her husband had worked for the RPF in Mulindi, before he was killed by Kagame’s men.

Jean Kambanda is the only one of the supposed responsible for the genocide that was convicted on “hard” evidence – his “confession”.
Kambanda was effectively put through 9 months of psychological torment before he “confessed”. He was kept isolated in a hotel for 9 months, was denied the right to see a lawyer and was denied contact with his family or friends.

During those 9 months, former Canadian cops threatened him and his family daily if he did not cooperate. One of the lawyers involved in the “questioning” is the notoriously corrupt Pierre Duclos.
The “confession” document Kambanda signed after those 9 months was in English, which is not his first language, he didn’t understand that he “confessed” responsibility for genocide.
After Kambanda had signed that document, he was finally taken to Arusha to appear before a judge and assigned a lawyer. This lawyer was the best friend of the Prosecutor, who tricked him into pleading guilty.

On 23 September 2003, Kamanda defended himself with a statement that includes:
Quote
At no time, during the exercise of my function as Prime Minister, did I have any knowledge of the conception of any plan for these massacres, neither before nor after the assassination of President HABYARIMANA.
(...)
The role of the crisis committee was limited to taking the first security measures and to ask the advice of the representative of the Secretary-General of the UN. General DALLAIRE, Commander of UNAMIR, as well as Colonel MARCHAL, participated in all the meetings in which those decisions were made. It was unthinkable to plan the taking of power or genocide and to invite foreigners into the meetings held for such a thing. General NDINDILIYIMANA made a complete report to me of the unfolding of the events up to my entry into office.
(...)
I also swear also that the spread of trouble over the entire Rwandan territory was not caused by the government or by the FAR. The infiltrators of the RPF are responsible for that.
We succeeded in capturing their plans, the names of their agents, and their arms caches in Kigali, Bisesero, Kibungo, etc. The mass graves dug deep by the accomplices of the RPF were discovered in many places.
The terrorised population knew of this and considered it as a threat to their lives.
The government, I at the head, never stopped to explain to the population that they cannot confuse the Tutsi and the RPF and that their accomplices must be arrested and brought before the authorities.
http://web.archive.org/web/20160416120227/http://www.theproxylake.com/2010/10/genocide-of-tutsis/3/


The following is really the first part of this excellent investigative reporting...
It sheds some more light on Paul Kagame’s responsibility for bringing down the plane with Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana on 6 April 1994 (which was the “start” of the mass murder).

In March 2000, the “National Post” (from Canada) revealed that the United Nations had a confidential investigation report from 1994, in which former intelligence officer in the Office of the G2 Rwandan Patriotic Army, Jean-Pierre Mugabe, confirmed that Paul Kagame was responsible for the attack on the Falcon 50 of President Habyarimana.

Former US Senator from Georgia, Cynthia McKinney, Bill Clinton’s special envoy to Central Africa, interpreted the withdrawal of the defamation lawsuit against Cameroon journalist Charles Onana, who had accused Kagame for killing Habyarimana, by the Rwandan authorities as a guilty plea:
Quote
In 2001, I organized as a member of the International Relations Committee U.S. Senate, a panel discussion on the attack. I invited CIA analysts, investigators of the ICTR, a former collaborator of Paul Kagame and several international experts on terrorism. It became clear during this meeting that Paul Kagame and members of his army, the Rwandan Patriotic Army (RPA), were involved in the attack.
When Paul Kagame has waived the trial that he had filed against Charles Onana, I interpreted this as an admission of guilt. There is therefore a [NO?] shadow of a doubt that the sponsor of this despicable and evil act is Paul Kagame.
http://web.archive.org/web/20160416055717/https://theproxylake.com/2010/10/genocide-of-tutsis/

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This is my first post on the second main topic in this thread – plundering Congo.
The real motive for the Rwandan genocide was installing the RPF Tutsi puppet regime so that Zaire could be invaded and another puppet regime could be installed in Zaire, which was renamed to the “Democratic” Republic of Congo. Many experts describe the Congo as the richest country in the whole wide world in natural resources. So that is THE motive!


In 2005, Keith Harmon Snow wrote:
Quote
Paul Kagame 'S Tutsi-led Rwandan Patriotic Army (RPA) invaded Rwanda from Uganda in 1990, launching a four-year campaign of guerrilla warfare. Open support for Rwanda's then-Hum-led government from French paratroopers failed to prevent the RPA victory of August 1994, following the coordinated genocide of hundreds of thousands of Rwandan Tutsis by hard-line Hums (FAR) and affiliated Interahamwe (Hutu) militias from April to July.
(…)
Paul Kagame, who was trained by the U.S. military at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, has been a regular visitor at Harvard University, the James Baker III Institute in Houston, Texas, the White House, and the Pentagon. U.S., European, and South African military interests have continued to support various factions in Central Africa, arming militias and rebel groups through proxy armies from Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, and the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) in south Sudan. France's presence in Central Africa is based out of Gabon, the major point of French military penetration on the continent.
(…)
It is important to note that the conflict in Central Africa revolves not around "governments" so much as militarized power blocks and multinational corporate alignments which are transnational. Thus while powerful U.S. government interests may back the Kagame and Museveni regimes in support of destabilization of Central Africa and the annexation of the Kivu and Orientale provinces, other powerful interests-such as the International Rescue Committee -maintain a constant international media presence that appears to be in conflict with that agenda, but which nevertheless exists as a major lobby in support of or defense of certain interests at the expense of certain others. Notable personalities on the IRC's Boards of Directors and Overseers include Morton Abramowitz, Tom Brokaw, and Henry Kissinger.
(…)
Rwanda and Uganda continue to benefit from high-level military arrangements with the United States. Entebbe, Uganda is a forward base for U.S. Air Force operations in Central Africa. According to the Global Policy watchdog, there are 11 U.S. service people permanently stationed in Entebbe. Sources in Uganda and the DRC confirm that weapons move freely through Entebbe airport from U.S. interests. The BBC reported March 23, 2004 that U.S. General Charles Wald confirmed that the U.S. is directly involved in the fight against the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) in Uganda. "I have met with [Uganda's] President Museveni,' Wald reported on the BBC. "I have heard personally that he is very pleased with the support we are giving him .... Its not just moral support .... But many things need to be kept a bit more private."
In July 2004, members of the DRC military flew to Tampa, Florida to participate in an unfolding U.S. "anti-terrorism" military program called Golden Spear.
The Canadian mining firms Barrick Gold and Heritage Oil & Gas arrived with the Ugandan and Rwandan military during the "war of aggression" to exploit mining opportunities in the north. Barrick principals include former Canadian premier Brian Mulroney and former U.S. president George H.W. Bush. Heritage has secured contracts for the vast oil reserves of Semliki basin, beneath Lake Albert, on both the Congolese and Ugandan sides of the border. Heritage is reportedly tapping the Semliki petroleum reserves from the Ugandan side, where a huge pipeline to Mombasa, Kenya, worth billions of dollars, is now in the works.
http://www.thirdworldtraveler.com/Africa/Rwanda_Secret_War.html


See Paul Kagame at the US military training camp, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, 1990.



It shouldn’t be surprising that the largest gold company in the world, the Canadian Barrick Gold, founded by the late Peter Munk (the skiing partner of Prince Charles) and Adnan Khashoggi, with Nat Rothschild’s on its advisory board is plundering the Congo…


In 2007, Keith Harmon Snow wrote:
Quote
The UPDF Army barracks at Masindi and airstrip at Gulu, both in Northern Uganda, served as the staging grounds for the U.S. invasion of Zaire. 
(…)
On November 6, 1996, Bill Clinton was elected. Around 10 November 1996 an armored 4×4 Humvee (HUMMWV)—heavily rigged with sophisticated communications equipment inside and out—was encountered carrying two black U.S. special forces in the Murchison Falls region: the soldiers were wearing UPDF uniforms. Two busloads of black U.S. Special Forces were encountered at a UPDF checkpoint on the Karuma-Pakwach road; wearing civilian clothes, with duffel bags, the muscled and crew cut “civilians” showed U.S. passports and claimed they were “doctors” heading to the tiny Gulu hospital. From November 21-23 Boeing C-130 military aircraft passed over the region every 30 minutes, 24 hours a day, heading both north and south. The C-130’s apparently landed at Gulu airstrip—closed by the Museveni government for a two-week period—and offloaded military equipment then moved by roads—closed by the UPDF—to the border. Some C-130’s were charted on a course believed to take them to Goma, Zaire. From mid-November to February 1997 access to northwestern Uganda regions was highly restricted. On 1 March 1997 another wave of C-130’s passed over the region. The UPDF used the LRA threat as cover for massive military operations involving the invasion of Zaire for the United States of America.
(…)
The people most responsible for atrocities in the region—unprecedented human bloodletting, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide—are protected. These include Yoweri Museveni, Salim Saleh, Paul Kagame, James Kazini, Moses Ali, James Kabarebe, Taban Amin, Jean-Pierre Bemba, Laurent Nkunda, Meles Zenawi… a long list of people whose culpability is without question, many of whom have been named for atrocities again and again. U.S. Special Operations forces know what happened and should be deposed under oath in a legitimate International Criminal Court, which at present does not exist, and is not in the making. Ditto for Madeleine Albright, Anthony Lake, Thomas Pickering, Susan Rice, John Prendergast, General William Wald, General Frank Toney, Walter Kansteiner, Dick Cheney, Donald Rumsfeld, Richard Holbrooke, Roger Winter, Frank G. Wisner, Andrew Young… another short list.
https://dissidentvoice.org/2007/11/darfurism-uganda-and-the-us-war-in-africa/
(http://archive.is/xxIm6)


See Paul Kagame with Royal Dutch Shell directors in Rwanda.



In 2000, Lindy de Hoyos, writing for the Executive Intelligence Review of Lyndon LaRouche, wrote:
Quote
The version presumed in the UN report is false. Habyarimana was killed by those who intended the full takeover of Rwanda, to use it as a launching pad into Zaire.

The operation began in 1990, with the invasion of Rwanda by the combined forces of the National Resistance Army of Uganda (of President Yoweri Museveni); the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF); and other mercenaries like the Sudanese People’s Liberation and the African National Congress.

A coalition government in Rwanda, as called for by the Arusha Accords, was against the plans to takeover the mineral-rich Zaire (renamed the Democratic Republic of the Congo).
The Rwandan government of President Juvenal Habyarimana had to be replaced by the militarist Tutsi RPF, so that Rwanda, along with Burundi and Uganda, could invade Zaire.
RPF’s  leaders were coming from the Ugandan military command structure, RPF leader, and later Rwandan president Paul Kagame was deputy director of Ugandan military intelligence.

In 1998 and 1999, Human Rights Watch reported on the brutal treatment of large sections of the Rwandan population.
Diplomats concluded that 100,000 to 250,000 persons were unaccounted for out of a population of some 1,500,000 in the districts of Gisenyi and Ruhengeri.

The biggest funders of the genocidal RPF regime of Rwanda were the World Bank with $80 million of funding; the United Kingdom which pledged $70 million of funding; the US provided $13 million; the Netherlands contributed $6.7 million: https://larouchepub.com/eiw/public/2000/eirv27n05-20000204/eirv27n05-20000204_045-the_hoax_embedded_in_the_un_inqu.pdf

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After the UN had been supporting the genocidal RPF militia that was subsequently installed as the puppet regime, the UN continued the propaganda against the Hutu extremists that had fled into Zaire.

The United Nations reported in November 1998, originally from Reuters, that:
Quote
Fighters from the former Rwandan Hutu army and its militia supporters have become significant players in the Democratic Congo, battling alongside President Laurent Kabila's forces, a new U.N. report said.
Many soldiers from the former Rwandan army, known as ex-FAR, and their Interahamwe militia allies, were implicated in the 1994 genocide in Rwanda in which more than 500,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus were massacred.
(…)
Some of the money also came from drug trafficking. The report said the Rwandans appeared to be involved in smuggling mandrax, an hallucinogenic drug, to South Africa from India and other Asian nations via Kenya.
https://reliefweb.int/report/democratic-republic-congo/rwanda-hutu-army-rearms-kabilas-congo-un-says
(http://archive.is/QBNPB)


The previous report reads like a call to bring “democracy and peace” to Zaire, of course by starting a brutal war and installing a puppet regime and calling it, the “Democratic” Republic of Congo!
While a huge amount of media attention was given to those Hutu extremist mass murdering innocent Tutsis, I can’t remember (m)any story on what is now called Africa’s World War (1998-2003), which involved 9 African countries and resulted in an estimated 5 million dead people in the Congo.

In January 2001, Dictator Laurent Kabila, who led the guerrilla movement that overthrew the 32-year regime of Zairian dictator Mobuto Sese Seko in 1997, was assassinated and his son, Joseph Kabila, became head of state of the Congo.
Joseph Kabila was “democratically elected” president in 2006 and 2011.

The presidential elections, which should have been held in 2016, only took place in December 2018. President Kabila was prohibited from running for a third term under Congo’s constitution (after he had been head of state for more than 17 years).

Kabila’s Congo signed a bilateral investment treaty with the US.
The US exported pharmaceutical products, poultry, machinery, used clothing, and wheat to the Congo.
The leading products imported by the US from the Congo are copper, antiques (what?!?), diamonds, coffee, propane, and tantalum: https://www.state.gov/u-s-relations-with-democratic-republic-of-the-congo/
(http://archive.is/IoZxG)


The next president of the Congo, Felix Tshisekedi, was accused of an "electoral coup" by runner-up Martin Fayulu, a former oil executive, while the Catholic Church said that the result did not match election polls by its election monitors.
According to the following analysis the chance that the election results were rigged is 100%, and Fayulu was the real winner in a landslide: https://africanarguments.org/2019/01/10/drc-election-results-analysis-implausible/
(http://archive.is/i2CJA)


And the motive for wanting control of Zaire (Congo) is easy to find (still lots of people find Syria and Venezuela more interesting), the Democratic Republic of Congo is widely considered to be the richest country in the world in natural resources; estimated to be worth in excess of $24 trillion.
Congo has almost limitless water, from the world's second-largest river, the Congo, a benign climate and rich soil, while beneath the soil are abundant deposits of copper, gold, diamonds, cobalt, uranium, coltan, iron ore, oil and natural gas.

According to the Congolese government, in 2010 petroleum products accounted for roughly 90% of the nation’s exports.
Most of Congo’s oil is exploited by foreign corporations, like Aiteo and Perenco.

The Congo has an estimated 7 billion tons of iron ore located close to the city of Zanaga; owned by the Xstrata Corporation.

When tires became much used for cars and bicycles, the rubber came from the Congo.
During World War I, 75% of the copper in bullet casings came from the Congo.
The uranium for the 2 nuclear bombs dropped on Japan in World War II, came from the Congo.

The West made Mobutu’s regime borrow billions, which was then stolen and Congo still has to repay these loans.
In 1997, an alliance of African states, led by Rwanda’s puppet regime invaded, with millions of victims as a result.

Rwanda's puppet, Laurent Kabila, refused to follow orders, so Rwanda again invaded, and the African allies now turned on each other and plunged Congo into a terrible “world war”: https://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-24396390
(http://archive.is/tHqY5)

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Chinese investment skyrocketed from $1 million in 2000 to $1.6 billion by 2008. China has become a major player in Congo; its influence is primarily exerted through infrastructure projects and acquisitions and has formed partnerships with DFID and delivered loans to Congo’s government.
Former president Joseph Kabila was trained at the military academy in Beijing.

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank declared Congo bankrupt in 1994 and forced it into “liberalisation” in the early 2000s.
Congo’s economic crisis forced the government to sign the Millennium Initiative,
Liberalisation has removed control of economic resources from Congo, which through offshore companies made it possible for the elite to loot Congo of its valuable resources, while bribing politicians and funding violence to keep the population under control. Liberalisation has extended Kabila’s tenure and as such was anti-democratic. Kabila provided a favourable environment for foreign investments (and made a bundle in the process).
Mineral sales contributed heavily to the (second) presidential campaign in 2011 that cost over $1 billion. Most of the funding came from Congo, with 40% coming from international donors. The elections were decried by international observers and Joseph Kabila won from Etienne Tshisekedi.
The third presidential election cost an estimated $1.4 billion. In May 2014 US Secretary of State John Kerry (of Skull & Bones), promised $30 million for the campaign on the condition that Kabila did not run for a third time.

In 2010, US Congress passed the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, article 1502.
The act imposed that potential buyers report egregious minerals – like tin, tantalum and tungsten - to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), instead of a penalty.
The Act also required supply chain due diligence. The non-governmental organisation (NGO), Pact, funded by USA Aid (USAID) described the due diligence approach:
Quote
In the mining sector, Pact works in partnership with government, industry and civil society to help ensure that minerals make it to international markets without interference, promoting development rather than conflict.
DFID’s position became more overt; its plan for Congo for 2011–2016 stated:
Quote
the portfolio of our projects is already shifting to deliver a more coherent, focused and ambitious approach to economic development. We are helping to build strong and investable business environments in developing countries and improving access to finance for entrepreneurs.

While the international community has spoken on the tremendous corruption in the Congo, it has “forgotten” to address the secrecy of international trade, without which this wouldn’t be possible on such a large scale.
Global Witness’s “Out of Africa” report estimates that Congo suffered $1.36 billion in lost revenue during the last election cycle, which were routed out of Congo through British tax havens, with several companies involved listed on the London Stock Exchange.
British Member of Parliament Eric Joyce published a list of 59 shell companies operating in Congo in 2011; 47 of them were registered in the British Virgin Islands. The Panama Papers confirm that offshore companies have been widely used in Congo. The most reported profession in the Panama Papers is “politician”…

Kabila and his aide Augustine Katumba Mwanke (now deceased) were increasingly associated with Israeli businessman Dan Gertler, who is named in more than 200 files in the Panama Papers.
Gertler bought Congolese mining assets and sold them at profits of thousands percentage points to companies registered in the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands and Bermuda.
In 2005, Gertler formed Global Enterprises Corporate (GEC), owned through a company registered in the Isle of Man, the chief assets of which were 75% of 2 huge copper mining projects in the province of Katanga (with 25% for Congo’s defunct state company Gécamines). Gertler’s investment of £3 million was valued at more than £1 billion.
In 2010, Kabila signed a presidential decree granting oil concessions in Lake Albert to Caprikat and Foxwhelp, both associated with Gertler and registered in the British Virgin Islands by Mossack Fonseca.
Since his arrival in Congo in 1997, Gertler has built an estimated $2.5 billion empire.

In October 2016, the US Justice Department and SEC fined the hedge fund Och-Ziff Capital Management Company under the US Foreign Corrupt Practices Act on bribery charges. The company’s front man in Congo, Dan Gertler, alongside Kabila and his aide Katumba Mwanke received over $100 million in bribes.
Barnabe Kikaya Bin Karubi responded:
Quote
For us an attack on [Gertler] is an attack on the Congo … Mr. Gertler’s businesses are legitimate. He pays his taxes, making a good contribution to our government in monetary terms.
Och-Ziff has pleaded guilty and agreed to pay a $412 million fine: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01436597.2018.1447373
(http://archive.is/AGzv5)

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Dan Gertler is another Chabad-Lubavitcher very close to the gigantic network of scandals surrounding Donald Trump.


There are good stories on Gertler stealing riches from Congo, from more than 10 years ago…
I’ll start with this story from February 2008 that details Gertler’s connection to the Chabad-Lubavitch cult of which Ivanka Trump and husband Jared Kushner are members…

Dan Gertler does nothing without the spiritual guidance of Brooklyn-born Rabbi Chaim Leibovitch, a friend of Condoleeza Rice.
When Dan Gertler is in the Congo, his kosher meals come from its capital Kinshasa, arranged by high priest of the Chabad of Central Africa Rabbi Shlomo Bentolila. Bentolila has been a Kinshasa Rabbi since 1991, working with the previous vicious dictator of Zaire, Mobutu Sese Seko.
In one of those strange coincidences, Israeli trained shock troops became Mobutu’s bodyguards, with Mossad advisers.

In 2000, former Congolese president Laurent Kabila (father of Joseph) offered Gertler’s International Diamond Industries (IDI) a monopoly on Congolese diamonds, and 88% of the proceeds, worth billions in exchange for Israeli military assistance.
In 2000, Congolese military officials flew to Israel to negotiate the deal.
Africa Confidential called President Kabila’s 2003 visit to the Bush White House a “coup” for Israeli diamond magnates Dan Gertler and Beny Steinmetz.
 
Dan Gertler is also close to Israeli politicians, especially Avigdor Lieberman, and even closer to the Israeli-American diamante merchant Beny Steinmetz, a good friend of former Prime Minister Ehud Olmert. Gertler’s Rabbi Leibovitz, is also very close to Lieberman and “a regular fixture” in PM Benjamin Netanyahu’s offices
Steinmetz’s real estate partners include the billionaires David and Simon Reuben, and the Saudi Arabian investment company Olayan Group, which is deeply connected with defence insider Bechtel Corporation (whose chairman Riley Bechtel was on the board of Theranos in which Rupert Murdoch and Betsy DeVos invested hundreds of millions of dollars).

Canadian-based Energem (formerly DiamondWorks), whose director/shareholders include Tony and Mario Teixeira, is involved in the trans-Uganda-Kenya pipeline, together with subsidiary of Bechtel, Nexant.
Energem was launched by Tim Hoare and is owned by British mercenary Tony Buckingham, the Teixeiras, J.P. Morgan, Gertler’s partner Beny Steinmetz (50%).
Brian Menell is on the board of Energem. Brian Menell is also on the board of Anglovaal with Nir Livnat, who has also supported both Joseph Kabila and Jean-Pierre Bemba in Congo’s bloody wars. Livnat was managing director of the Johannesburg-based subsidiary of the Steinmetz Group of Diamond Companies, Ascot Diamonds.

The Portuguese born Anthony Teixeira later moved to South Africa and his daughter married Congolese warlord Jean-Pierre Bemba.
Bemba’s deadly battle in Congo in March 2007 was a fight between rival agents — Bemba and president Joseph Kabila — to be the black front man for the mining cartels run by dynastic families like Templesman, Oppenheimer, Mendell, Forrest, Blattner, Hertzov, Gertler and Steinmetz.

Security for mining operations in Congo is provided exclusively by private security companies like Overseas Security Services (OSS), owned by Belgian billionaire tycoon Philippe de Moerloose.
De Moerloose is also an adviser to European Union (EU) Commissioner, diamante salesman Louis Michel.

In November 2007, Dan Gertler finalized a deal in which the Canadian Katanga Mining Ltd. bought rival NIKANOR for $2.1 billion so their merged company would become the world’s largest cobalt company by combining their Congo mining projects, reportedly worth $3.3 billion.
NIKANOR is registered in offshore tax haven Isle of Man/ Britain’s Earl of Balfour is a director of both NIKANOR and Bateman.

Former US ambassador to Egypt and Israel, assistant under Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, and policy advisor to Barack Obama, Dan Kurtzer, is on NIKANOR’s board. NIKANOR partners include Israeli-born Nir Livnat.
The Nikanor company was owned by Benny Steinmetz (50%), Dan Gertler (20%) and the Anglo-Jewish Gertner family (30%): https://dissidentvoice.org/2008/02/gertlers-bling-bang-torah-gang/
(https://web.archive.org/web/20190720061854/https://dissidentvoice.org/2008/02/gertlers-bling-bang-torah-gang/)


In 2009, diamond tycoon Dan Gertler at Ben-Gurion International Airport was asked by officers from the National Fraud Investigations Unit to accompany them on suspicions of bribing his friend, Avigdor Lieberman (later Israel's foreign minister).
Gertler simply denied that he had ever transferred money to or been involved in business with Lieberman.

Katanga’s cash-flow problems forced it to transfer control to the Swiss-based commodities giant Glencore (maybe best known for Marc Rich).

In 2003, the Gertler-controlled Emaxon Finance Corporation was granted a four-year concession by Miba to market 85% of its diamonds, which Gertler purchased at a 5% discount and on top of that lent $15 million to Miba.
The signatories on this agreement on behalf of Emaxon were Gertler's Rabbi Chaim Leibovitch and attorney Yaakov Neeman, Israel's minister of justice.

Gertler became Joseph Kabila's official personal envoy, and with Rabbi Leibovitch forged close ties between the Congo and senior officials in Washington. He personally met with then-secretary of state Condoleezza Rice to discuss this matter.
According to a confidant: "You can attribute to him, for example, Congo's abstention in the UN vote on the U.S. invasion of Iraq”: https://www.haaretz.com/1.5072635
(http://web.archive.org/web/20180627024150/https://www.haaretz.com/1.5072635)

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Maybe Congogate, Chabadgate or Wilburgate are objectively speaking more interesting than “Russiagate” or the impeachment charade…
Please don’t tell a sole that once again the trail of corruption, money laundering, bribes and Russia from Dan Gertler leads to Glencore and Trump’s Secretary of Commerce – long-time Rothschild banker Wilbur Ross.


In 1997, chief rabbi of Kinshasa’s Chabad-Lubavitch centre Shlomo Bentolila introduced diamond merchant Dan Gertler to Kabila’s son Joseph.

In April 2002, Gertler secretly shuttled between Washington, Kinshasa and Kigali, Rwanda, relaying letters between Kabila and Condoleezza Rice.
Former special assistant to President George W. Bush, Jendayi Frazer, said Gertler’s intervention was instrumental to the “peace” accord.

In June 2010 and March 2011, state-owned Sodimico sold more than 30 mining licenses to Gertler-linked companies for $60 million; worth an estimated $1.6 billion…
In 2011, companies affiliated with Gertler bought shares in 5 mining ventures from 3 state-owned firms. The state companies “forgot” to publicly announce the sales.

At the Mutanda project, Gertler paid far less for his 20% than his partner, Glencore International. One of Gertler’s British Virgin Islands-based companies bought the 20% stake from Gecamines for $120 million in March 2011, worth about $849 million.
In May 2012, Glencore paid $340 million plus $140 million in assumed debt, for 20% of the same mine, increasing its stake to 60%: http://web.archive.org/web/20180922065124/https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/dan-gertler-earns-billions-as-mine-deals-fail-to-enrich-congo/2012/12/27/c37d0100-4e31-11e2-8b49-64675006147f_story.html?utm_term=.80aca62740bf


Gertler’s had allegedly delivered weapons to President Kabila in 2001 in exchange for a monopoly on the sale of Congo diamonds.

In 2007, Glencore first went into business with Gertler.
In 2009, Glencore partnered with Dan Gertler for mining permits awarded by the Congolese government to extract copper and cobalt on very favourable terms.

In July 2018, the US Department of Justice demanded that Glencore publish documents on its activities in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nigeria and Venezuela. Washington is “investigating” corruption and money laundering.
The British “anti-corruption” Serious Fraud Office also announced to “examine” Glencore: https://www.publiceye.ch/en/topics/commodities-trading/glencore-in-drc


The reported largest shareholder in Glencore Xstrata is the state-owned Qatar Investment Authority with 8.2%.

Glencore is in business with the Rusal of Oleg Deripaska, Nat Rothschild, Viktor Vekselberg and Len Blavatnik: https://www.lawfulpath.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=7&t=1038&p=4931


Long-time business partners Viktor Vekselberg and Len Blavatnik serve on the board of the Chabad-Lubavitch Schneerson library.

In 2014, Jeffrey Epstein invested $1.5 million in SUM with Barak. In 2015, that money went into Carbyne.
In September 2017, Russian oligarchs Viktor Vekselberg and Andrew Intrater bought 24% of Carbyne’s Class A-1 shares through Intrater’s Columbus Nova Technology Partners (CNTP): https://www.lawfulpath.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=7&t=1485&p=6125#p6125


In 2014, Wilbur Ross led the €1 billion takeover of the Bank of Cyprus. The second-largest shareholder of Bank of Cyprus at this time was the billionaire Russian industrialist Viktor Vekselberg, head of Renova Corp.
In November 2014, former CEO of Deutsche Bank, Josef Ackerman, became chairman of the Bank of Cyprus. Ackerman is also on the board of Renova.
Vekselberg once sold his aluminium company to Oleg Deripaska, who turned it into Rusal: https://www.lawfulpath.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=7&t=1038&p=4908#p4908


In 2011, Wilbur Ross’ private equity company, WL Ross, led a coalition of investors that put about $1 billion into Diamond S Shipping.
Diamond S Shipping’s business mostly relies on a handful of customers, including Glencore PLC, which provided more than 10% of its revenue in 2012- 2013: https://www.lawfulpath.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=7&t=1038&p=5984#p5984

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In 2013, a panel led by former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan wrote that Gertler acquired mining interests in the Congo for an average of one-sixth of their market price.

Dan Gertler was especially close to Joseph Kabila’s aide Augustin Katumba Mwanke, who won’t be talking as he died in a plane crash in 2012.
On one occasion, Gertler, Katumba and their families vacationed together on a yacht on the Red Sea. Katumba then check into an Israeli hospital for a scheduled operation. When the operation went awry, Katumba slipped into a coma, and Gertler rushed in 13 doctors, including 3 from London.
Katumba has praised Gertler for saving his life; see Gertler visiting him in hospital.


Mining tycoon Dan Gertler appears in 120 documents of the Paradise Papers, regarding his relationship with London-listed Glencore, which uses Appleby’s Bermuda branch.
These documents showed that in 2009 Glencore “loaned” $45 million for 2 years to Gertler for helping to make a deal with Congo officials over a joint venture with state-owned Gécamines at the Katanga copper mine in 2009. The loan document stated that Congo had to agree on the Katanga deal.
Katanga “persuaded” Congo into a signing bonus worth $140 million, instead of more than $580 million. The reduced bonus meant that Katanga paid one quarter of the market price for copper at the time.

In February 2009, Katanga announced a sizable loan from a group that included Glencore and Lora Enterprises, a British Virgin Islands company owned by a trust that benefits Gertler’s family.
In 2014, it emerged that Glencore first lent the capital that Gertler’s company in turn lent to Katanga, which then acquired new shares in Katanga.

In February 2017, Glencore bought Gertler’s stake in major Congo mines, including Katanga, for more than $500 million.
One of the reports alleged that Gertler agreed to exchange diamonds for weapons to Congolese armed forces, at a time when national armies, militias and warlords were killing and raping indiscriminately.

In September 2016, the US Justice Department settled a bribery case with New York-based hedge fund Och-Ziff Capital Management Group under the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act for $413 million. This mentioned Lora Enterprises, which was described as controlled by an unnamed Israeli “DRC partner” (which must have been Gertler).
The Justice Department accused Och-Ziff for lending Lora Enterprises $110 million in November 2010 that was used, to make “approximately $20 million in corrupt payments to be made to various DRC officials”, including unnamed “DRC official 2” believed to be Augustin Katumba Mwanke: https://www.icij.org/investigations/paradise-papers/room-of-secrets-reveals-mysteries-of-glencore/
(http://web.archive.org/web/20191001004355/https://www.icij.org/investigations/paradise-papers/room-of-secrets-reveals-mysteries-of-glencore/)


I first looked into the Chabad, when I investigated the Bayrock scandal in which Trump was a business partner of Tevfik Arif.
I found out that Lubavitcher Dan Gertler is also in business with the ENRC of the Chabad-linked Kazakh trio that were/are business partners of Tevfik Arif…


In 2012, Dan Gertler’s Canada-based Emaxon Finance International Inc., paid $15 million in cash and loans to the country’s state-owned diamond miner MIBA, for a four-year contract to sell 88% of its diamonds (a near monopoly of Congo’s diamond trade).
 
In 2007, Dan Gertler became a shareholder in CAMEC, a company listed on London’s AIM exchange.
When.
in 2009, the Eurasian Natural Resources Corporation PLC (ENRC), the Kazakh-founded mining company controlled by the partners in crime of Trump’s business partner Tevfik Arif – the Kazakh trio - Alexander Mashkevitch, Alijan Ibragimov, and Patokh Chodiev, acquired CAMEC.
ENRC bought CAMEC through purchase agreements with a number of offshore companies which were listed as CAMEC’s shareholders. Some of these offshore companies appear linked to Gertler.

See Alexander Mashkevitch on the left with a Torah scroll that was donated to the Chabad Russian Centre of South Florida in 2011.


In 2009, SMKK (Societe Miniere de Kabolela & Kipese SPRL) was half-owned by the state’s Gecamines (La Generale des Carrieres & des Mines), and half-owned by ENRC. ENRC wanted to acquire all of SMKK but didn’t exercise its right. Instead, ENRC made a deal with the Gertler-controlled Emerald Star Enterprises Ltd., based in the British Virgin Islands.
On 21 December, 2009, ENRC paid Emerald Star $25 million for an option to buy the remaining 50% of SMKK.
In February 2010, Gertler’s Emerald Star made a deal to buy Gecamines’ stake in SMKK for $15 million. Four months later, ENRC completed the transaction by buying Gertler’s Emerald Star for another $50 million (paying a total of $75 million), or 5 times what Gertler had paid.

Gertler also has a copper and cobalt joint venture with ENRC - Comide SPRL.
ENRC is listed on the London Stock Exchange.

In 2009 and 2010, Congo’s government suddenly cancelled the Kolwezi, Frontier and Lonshi projects with First Quantum. When in January 2010, Gecamines cancelled its contract with First Quantum it secretly awarded its stake in the Kolwezi project to the Highwind Group, another one of Dan Gertler’s networks of offshore companies.
In August 2010 Eurasian Natural Resources Corporation PLC (ENRC) announced to buy indirect control of the Kolwezi licence from Dan Gertler. This was the day after the ICC Court of Arbitration had ruled against the Canadian miner First Quantum, which had protested about the state of Congo revoking its Kolwezi mining licence.

ENRC loaned the Highwind Group the money to cover the $60 million signature bonus and also paid $175 million to control 50.5% of the stake. This suggests that Highwind promised financing even before Gecamines sold on its stake in Kolwezi.

In May 2010, the Frontier and Lonshi copper mines were confiscated from First Quantum and then secretly awarded to 3 offshore companies, of which 2 are linked to Dan Gertler.
That ENRC bought these mines anyway, it looks like ENRC expects to buy the licenses from these offshore companies.

In January 2012, First Quantum Minerals Ltd. and Eurasian Natural Resources Corp. (ENRC) agreed on a $1.25-billion settlement over First Quantum’s misadventures in the Democratic Republic of Congo. This was only weeks after Kabila was re-elected as president of the Congo.
Analyst at UBS Securities Matt Murphy concluded that as First Quantum spent about $1.3-billion to acquire and build Kolwezi and Frontier, it effectively got its money back.

Global Witness called on Glencore ENRC to publish details of the transactions as it looks like corrupt Congolese officials received kickbacks through these offshore companies, in return for selling assets to Gertler below the market price: https://cdn.globalwitness.org/archive/files/global%20witness%20memo%20to%20enrc%20shareholders%2012.6.12_1.pdf
(http://archive.is/umZ3Y)


Tevfik Arif, although no Jew is also very close to the Chabad, was the business partner of Donald Trump in Bayrock.
In September 2010, Arif was arrested by the Turkish police for running a prostitution ring, on board a luxury yacht, with the Kazakh-based billionaire and Belgian citizen Alexander Mashkevitch, the president of metal and mining Eurasian National Resources Corporation (ENRC) and a member of the World Jewish Congress, with his ENRC colleagues, Patokh Chodiev and Alijan Ibragimov.

The Sapir Organization, owned by Georgian property developer Sapir Tamir, partnered with Bayrock. Sapir, the Kazakh trio, Musa Bazhaev, and the Reuben brothers (real estate partners of Gertler’s business partner Beny Steinmetz,) were guests at the weddings of Tevfik’s children.
Patokh Chodiev has said that the “Kazakh trio” first met the London based billionaires, David and Simon Reuben, in the spring of 1992.

Musa Bazhaev, head of Alliance Group in Russia, was also on the Savarona boat with the prostitutes, and is close to both Alexander Mashkevitch and Vladimir Putin.
See from left to right: Bazhaev, Alexander Mashkevitch, and Tevfik Arif: https://archive.is/QLNLU/8bfd9a69dd5437ad244355325ade2fa9a92ba7ce.jpg

See Musa Bazhaev with Putin.



Donald Trump’s Secretary of Commerce, Wilbur Ross, occupied a management position at Mittal. Johannes Sittard was Mittal's second in command in 1995-2001.
The ENRC and Alferon are both chaired by Johannes Sittard. Lakshmi Mittal paid $100 million to Alferon to acquire Karmet steelworks in Kazakhstan for $310 million in 1995. Alferon is owned by the Kazakh trio, Alexander Mashkevitch, Alijan Ibragimov, and Patokh Chodiev.

Sittard said that he used the Chodiev group to pay a huge commission (bribe) to Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev (Alexander Mashkevitch’s friend, whose son-in-law, Zia, was Bazhaev’s brother): https://www.lawfulpath.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=7&t=1359&p=4938#p4938


For more on the connections of the Kazakh trio to Tevfik Arif, the Chab-Lubavitch friend and business partner of Donald Trump: https://3169.createaforum.com/firestarter-on-fire/trump-bayrock-doyen-soccer-transfers-and-the-kazakh-gangster/

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In March 2005 Gertler’s DGI (Dan Gertler International) in partnership with Beny Steinmetz’s Global Resources (BSGR) formed Global Enterprises Corporate (GEC), with former Congo mines minister, Simon Tuma-Waku as “special adviser”.
Steinmetz was once named as the biggest buyer of De Beers diamonds.

An October 2005 presidential decree ratified the KOV agreement between Gécamines and GEC. Gertler and Steinmetz placed GEC’S 75% share in KOV into the newly founded Nikanor Plc. at the Isle of Man (UK). Nikanor executive CEO became Jonathan Leslie (Rio Tinto’s former head of copper operations).
In July 2006, with JP Morgan Cazenove acting as advisors and brokers, Nikanor’s IPO raised $400 million on the London AIM, based on its 75% stake in KOV. Nikanor achieved a market capitalization of $1.5 billion, and was hailed as the most valuable listing on AIM.
At that time, the 3 key stakeholders were listed as Beny Steinmetz (37%), the Gertner Family Trust (22%), and Dan Gertler (14.7%).

In April 2006, Gertler’s DGI took a major stake in Katanga-based cobalt-copper mining and services company DEM Mining.
In June 2006, Gertler’s DGI paid an alleged $60 million for the Mukondo mine, owned by controversial Zimbabwe-based businessmen John Bredenkamp and Billy Rautenbach. In 2002, Bredenkamp and Rautenbach were charged by the UN Panel of Experts report as conduits for bribes to President Robert Mugabe and other senior figures in Zimbabwe’s political and military elite.

Diamond dealer Dan Gertler was one of only 2 white men at the 2006 wedding of Congo president Joseph Kabila.
The other white man at Kabila’s wedding was Philippe de Moerloose, CEO and apparent owner of Demimpex, which holds sole Nissan distributorship in the Congo. De Moerloose has also supplied jets and other presidential toys to Kabila.

The NGO NIZA has argued that the World Bank’s interaction with the Congolese government had resulted in an “anarchistic and opaque privatisation process that has stripped Gécamines of all its assets. The parasitic company is now bound by countless contracts with, often dubious, private partners that contribute little or nothing to Gécamines or to the national treasury”: https://archive.is/20150405104550/http://www.mineweb.com/archive/nikanors-drc-mining-contract-quandary/


Because Israeli billionaire Dan Gertler arranged mining assets to be sold at much lower prices than they were worth to offshore entities linked to him, the Congo lost more than $1.36 billion in revenues between 2010 and 2012.
In 2013, Gertler sold back to the Congo government drilling rights to an offshore oil block in Lake Albert for $150 million, after he had paid only half a million dollars for those rights.

In 2017, the US Department of Treasury issued sanctions against the Fleurette Group of Gertler for human rights abuse and corruption. Fleurette held substantial stakes in 2 mines in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Fleurette Group sold its Mutanda stake to Glencore: https://oilprice.com/Geopolitics/International/US-Slaps-Sanctions-On-Israeli-Oil-Billionaire.html


It shouldn’t surprise anybody that the Netherlands is also involved in the plundering of Congo…
Fleurette Properties Limited was incorporated in Gibraltar and the Kingdom of the Netherlands. This was through a construction that made it possible to select the most profitable tax laws of Gibraltar and the Netherlands.
In 2004, Dan founded the Gertler Family Foundation that supposedly invested millions in health care, infrastructure and education; this was also placed under sanctions by the US government.

In 2010, for this construction, the Dutch Rob Drieduite was chosen as chairman of Fleurette Properties.
Both the Gertler Family Foundation and Fleurette Group are part of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI), which supposedly aims for more transparency in the global commodities trade.
Drieduite is the point of contact for Fleurette Group for questions on how they can operate ”transparent” in the global commodities trade. When the “reputable” Dutch newspaper De Volkskrant contacted Drieduite with questions on Fleurette and Gertler, he refused to talk.

Drieduite has also chaired the Dutch NV for the porno website maker Gamma Entertainment of Karl Bernard.
Drieduite has also worked for the MyGuide of former Philips CEO Roel Pieper that was bankrupted in 2009.

Just like so many others, Beny Steinmetz also used an opaque tax construction in the Netherlands, set up with the help of a former tax consultant of KPMG.

In 2000, Gertler’s International Diamond Industries (IDI) paid only $20 million to then Congolese president Laurent Kabila (father of Joseph) for a monopoly on Congolese diamonds worth $600 million a year (in Dutch): http://web.archive.org/web/20181008195536/https://www.volkskrant.nl/nieuws-achtergrond/zakenman-dan-gertler-verdiende-miljarden-aan-de-uitbuiting-van-congo~b475f31a/


Congolese Doctor Denis Mukwege made the following statement when he accepted the 2018 Nobel Prize for Peace:
Quote
My country is being systematically looted with the complicity of people claiming to be our leaders. Looted for their power, their wealth and their glory. Looted at the expense of millions of innocent men, women and children abandoned in extreme poverty. While the profits from our minerals end up in the pockets of a predatory oligarchy.
(…)
The Congolese people have been humiliated, abused and massacred for more than two decades in plain sight of the international community.
Today, with access to the most powerful communication technology ever, no one can say: “I didn’t know”.
(…)
Finally, after twenty years of bloodshed, rape and massive population displacements, the Congolese people are desperately awaiting implementation of the responsibility to protect the civilian population when their government cannot or does not want to do so. The people are waiting to explore the path to a lasting peace.
https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/peace/2018/mukwege/55721-denis-mukwege-nobel-lecture-2/

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There is an endless amount of dirt on looting of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, after it was taken over by the same forces that orchestrated the Rwanda genocide, in Africa’s World War, with an estimated 5 million dead in Congo alone...


The US has a long history of supporting all sides in the Congo’s civil wars.
US troops and intelligence agents were transported to Africa to help the RPF and AFDL-CZ forces in their 1996 attack to get rid of Mobutu. Vincent Kern, US Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for African Affairs, said on 4 December 1996 that US military training was conducted for the RPF.
On 5 May 1998, Kathi Austin (of Human Rights Watch) said that a senior US embassy official in Kigali described the US Special Forces training program for the RPF as “killers ... training killers”.

The heavily armed and armoured helicopters the US army deployed in eastern Zaire were fitted with 105 mm cannons, rockets, machine guns, land mine ejectors and infrared sensors used in night operations. US military commanders hypocritically claimed that these armed gunships were there to find and “help” the refugees.
The Pentagon and US intelligence agencies for some reason have never disclosed what information they provided to the RPF and the AFDL–CZ.

Since the end of 1996, US spy satellites were used to estimate how many refugees were in the jungle. In one of those strange coincidences, every time an encampment was discovered, Rwanda and Zaire mercenary forces attacked these sites. This happened for example in late February, 1997, when 160,000 mainly Hutu refugees were spotted in a swampy area known as Tingi Tingi and subsequently attacked.

The Pentagon increasingly relied on so-called Private Military Contractors (PMCs). Many of these PMC mercenaries have close links to some of America’s top political leaders and the largest mining and oil companies involved in Africa (who would ultimately plunder the Congo of its natural resources).
Mercenaries participate in both types of transports, military AND (for example) blood diamonds.

America Minerals Fields, Inc. (headquartered in Hope, Arkansas) was involved in the Congo’s “civil war” in 1996. Its major stockholders included long-time associates of President Bill Clinton, including George Bush Sr on its international advisory board. America Mineral Fields also enjoys a close relationship with diamond company Lazare Kaplan International, Inc., whose president is a close confidant of past and current administrations on Africa.
America Mineral Fields benefited from overthrowing Mobutu by Kabila’s mercenary army. In 1998, AMF purchased diamond concessions in the Cuango Valley along the Angolan-Congolese border from International Defense and Security (IDAS Belgium SA), a mercenary firm based in Curacao and headquartered in Belgium.

The Ba-N’Daw Report shows how one US firm was involved in looting the Congo. It is linked to the Banque de commerce, du developpement et d’industrie (BCDI) of Kigali, Citibank in New York, the diamond business and armed rebellion. J.P. Moritz and Ngandu Kamenda, general managers of Societe miniere de Bakwanga (MIBA, a Congolese diamond company), ordered to pay $3.5 million to la Generale de commerce d’import/export du Congo (COMIEX), a company owned by late President Laurent Kabila and some of his cronies, including Minister Victor Mpoyo. The transfer was made through a Citibank account and was paid to finance to the AFDL war effort.

Members of Barrick’s International Advisory Board have included former President George Bush Sr. and former President Clinton’s close confidant Vernon Jordan.
Among the “new” resources looted from the Congo is coltan: https://www.globalresearch.ca/genocide-and-covert-operations-in-africa-1993-1999/495
(http://web.archive.org/web/20170310073120/https://www.globalresearch.ca/genocide-and-covert-operations-in-africa-1993-1999/495)


In May 1997, Laurent Kabila showed himself ungrateful. He reneged on contracts signed during the war and tried to restrain the influence of Rwanda, Uganda and their corporate allies on the Congo. Kabila retracted several mining contracts signed with US and European companies, including the $1 billion contract with American Mineral Fields (AMF).

On 2 August 1998, with the consent of the international community, Rwanda and Uganda launched another invasion that failed.

Rwandan forces and their allies took thousands of tonnes of coltan and cassiterite to the Rwandan capital, Kigali.
Ugandan militia confiscated Kisangani’s entire stock of wood. Their ally Jean-Pierre Bemba, leader of the anti-government Congolese Liberation Movement, seized all of the available coffee. It took 2 months to transport the loot to Uganda. Ugandan generals close to President Museveni took the profits and generously supplied arms to various militias.

Laurent’s son, Joseph Kabila, succeeded him and implemented a new policy that most importantly, opened markets to foreign interests: https://newint.org/features/2004/05/01/congo
(http://archive.is/4kPVz)
 

After he became so “ungrateful”, it seems reasonable to speculate that Laurent Kabila was assassinated.

In early 1997, a trip by a representative for Kabila to Toronto (Canada) may have raised $50 million for Kabila's forces.
Among Kabila's circle of Canadian advisors was then-leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada, Joe Clark (former Canadian PM and Foreign Minister).

In March 1997, 2 months before the fall of Kinshasa, Laurent Kabila’s AFDL made a $1 billion deal with Jean Raymond Boulle (founder of American Mineral Fields) for copper, cobalt and zinc in the southern province of Katanga. In return for an advance that financed the war, AMF also received a monopoly over the diamonds of Kisangani.
As part of this deal, Boulle loaned Kabila his personal jet.

An executive from US-based Bechtel corporation became a close advisor to Kabila; even assisting him with his war strategy.

The largest gold producers in the world, South Africa's AngloGold, and Canada’s Barrick Gold, joined together on a venture encompassing 57,000 km2 of north-eastern Congo.
In 1996, Barrick had made a deal with the Gold Office of Kilomoto (Mobutu government's gold monopoly), for the mining rights in almost all of its 82,000 km2 land.  This area holds as estimated 100 tons of gold in reserve. George H.W. Bush was instrumental in winning this deal.

Reportedly, First Quantum bribed government officials with $100 million in cash and shares, including payments to the national security minister, the director of the national intelligence agency and the former minister of the presidency.

Of the $19.5 million in US arms and training to Africa in 1999, $4.8 million went to nations involved in the Congo war.

Western governments rewarded the Rwandan government for installing a new puppet regime in the Congo, by doubling aid from $26.1 million in 1997 to $51.5 million in 1999 (which was used to wage more war).
The World Bank also looked favourably on the Ugandan and Rwandan governments, and praised Uganda‘s recent economic performance, which was almost complete the result of illegal exports of gold and diamonds from Congo: http://www2.law.columbia.edu/law_culture/LHworkshop2005/papers/052.doc
(http://archive.is/68kqc)

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The Canadian Barrick Gold has subcontracted Caleb International, who has also partnered with Adastra. Caleb is run by Salim Saleh, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni's half-brother.
When Uganda withdrew from the Congo in 2002, Saleh began training paramilitary groups to help sustain the flow of minerals into Uganda.
Salim Saleh is also a shareholder in Catalyst Co. of Canada, which owns Uganda's Kaabong gold fields. Saleh also owns a stake of private military company Saracen, created by the mercenaries-for-hire firm Executive Outcomes.

Bechtel's Nexant Company is the prime contractor on the Uganda-Kenya pipeline project, which will probably transport petroleum out of the Semliki Basin of Lake Albert.
People associated with Bechtel include: former Secretary of State George Shultz; former Secretary of Defense Casper Weinberger; and retired U.S.M.C. general Jack Sheehan (also a member of the Defense Policy Board at the Pentagon).
Riley P. Bechtel himself is on the Board of J.P. Morgan.

The subsidiary of Halliburton, Brown & Root, helped build a military base near Cyangugu, Rwanda on the Congo-Rwandan border. Brown and Root used this base and mercenaries from Military Professional Resources Inc. (MPRI) to train the RPF and Laurent Kabila's ADFL for the 1996 invasion of the Congo and the Rwandan army's re-invasion in 1998.

MPRI is based in Arlington, Virginia and is run by 36 retired U.S. generals. The Pentagon contracted MPRI for the African Crisis Responsive Initiative (ACRI). ACRI includes military training in guerrilla warfare to Ugandan officers at Fort Bragg, North Carolina in July 1996.
Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International have accused Ugandan battalions trained by ACRI of rapes, murders, extortion, and beatings of Ugandan civilians.

In 1998, Ugandan soldiers used ACRI equipment in the invasion of the Congo.
In 1996, according to French intelligence, US Special Forces and mercenaries from MPRI participated in the murder of Rwandan Hutu refugees on the Oso River near Goma.

Tony Buckingham's Heritage Oil & Gas and PMC Sandline International work to manipulate the petroleum options around Lake Albert.
Buckingham is also affiliated with Branch Energy that is operating in the Great Lakes region.

An arms dealer in the region is the Indian-American Kotecha. Kotecha has substantial interests in South Kivu, and has been implicated in money laundering, coltan and diamonds.
After the first U.S.-sponsored invasion of the Congo in 1996, Kotecha has boasted of being the "United States Consulate" in South Kivu.

U.S.-based Phelps Dodge is involved in Katanga copper/cobalt mining projects with Lundin's Tenke Mining. Phelps Dodge director Douglas C. Yearly is also a director of Lockheed Martin.
The World Wildlife Fund partnered with USAID and CARE in "conservation" (acquisition) projects in over Congo, with CARE's "humanitarian" agenda also funded by Lockheed Martin.

Human Rights Watch (HRW) has praised the great progress in preventing illegal mining in the Congo. In HRW’s 2005 report Ugandan officials and multi-national corporations were exposed to smuggle gold through local rebel militias (the FNI and FAPC). HRW accused the western companies Anglo-Ashanti Gold (headquartered in South Africa), and the Swedish Metalor.
For some reason HRW “forgot” to mention that Anglo-Ashanti is partnered with Anglo-American, owned by the Oppenheimer family and partnered with Canada-based Barrick Gold. London-based Anglo-American Plc. owns a 45% share in DeBeers, part of the gigantic Oppenheimer empire.
In one of those strange coincidences Sir Mark Moody-Stuart is a director of Anglo-American, a director of Royal Dutch/Shell and a member of UN Secretary General Kofi Annan's Advisory Board.

The UN has “investigated” the corruption and crime in the Congo, but has “forgot” the executives of Adastra, Anglo-American, Sweden's Adolph Lundin (a friend of George H.W. Bush), who control mining concessions in Lubumbashi, Kolwezi and Mbuji Mayi areas in the Katanga (Shaba) and Kasai provinces: https://www.globalpolicy.org/component/content/article/181/33626.html
(http://archive.is/3k0O6)

 

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